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3 scientists win this year's Nobel Prize in Chemistry for creating tiny molecular machines
Three chemists Jean-Pierre Sauvage (France), Sir J. Fraser Stoddart (USA), and Bernard L. Feringa (Netherlands) have been awarded this year's Nobel Prize in Chemistry 'for the design and synthesis of molecular machines'.
"A tiny lift, artificial muscles and miniscule motors - the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016 is awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa for their design and production of molecular machines. They have developed molecules with controllable movements, which can perform a task when energy is added," stated a press release by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

The Nobel Laureates of this year in Chemistry have miniaturised machines and taken chemistry to a new dimension. Normally, molecules are joined by strong covalent bonds in which the atoms share electrons, but in the chain they were instead linked by a freer mechanical bond. 

For a machine to be able to perform a task it must consist of parts that can move relative to each other. The two interlocked rings fulfilled exactly this requirement.

However, with the research by 2016's Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, molecular systems have been taken out of equilibrium's stalemate and into energy-filled states in which their movements can be controlled.

It is being speculated that the molecular machines would most likely be used in the development of things such as new materials, sensors and energy storage systems in future.

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