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A bent in the river of Indian history
"Oh rey taal milen nadi ke jal men, Nadi miley sagar men, Sagar miley koun se jal me, Koi Jane Na…An-jane honthon pey yeh pahchaney geet hain. Kal tak jo beganey they,… Janmon ke meet hain, O mitva rey,ey …ey, Kal tak kya hoga koun se pal men, Koi janey naaaa… "

These are one of my favorite lyrics from the film 'Anokhi Raat.' And when I heard what bhai Amit Shah said the other day in Raipur, Chattisgarh, his statement kindled the memory of this beautiful song. He was speaking to a collection of "eminent persons" of Chhattisgarh, on the second day of his three-day trip to the state, with the motive of strengthening his party before elections by late 2018.

And here are some pearls of his wisdom:

The Congress was never a party based on principles, it was merely a "special purpose vehicle" to secure freedom. And Mahatma Gandhi, a "Bahut Chatur Baniya," could presage the bleak future of the party.

"Congress kisi ek vichaar dhaara ke adhaar par, kisi ek siddhant ke adhaar par bani hui party hi nahi hai, woh azadi prapt karne ka ek special purpose vehicle hai, azadi prapt karne ka ek saadhan tha. Aur isi liye Mahatma Gandhi ne durandesi ke saath, bahut chatur baniya tha woh, usko maloom tha aage kya hone waala hai, usne azadi ke baad turant kaha tha, Congress ko bikher dena chahiye. Mahatma Gandhi ne nahi kiya, lekin ab kuch log usko bikherne ka kaam samapt kar rahe hain. Isliye hi kaha tha Mahatma Gandhi ne, kyunki Congress ki koi ideology hi nahi thi, siddhanto ke aadhar par bani hui party hi nahi thi. Desh chalaane ke, sarkar chalaane ke koi siddhant hi nahi the.

(The Congress is not a party based on one ideology or one principle, it is a special purpose vehicle to gain independence…this is why Mahatma Gandhi with foresight, he was a very clever baniya, he knew what was going to happen, he said immediately after independence that the Congress should be dissolved. He didn't do it, but some people are now completing the job of dissolving it. He had said this because the Congress had no ideology, was not formed based on a principle, and did not have any principle to run the country or government.)"

In contrast, because the BJP was a party which was clear in its approach, Shah said, it had no hesitation in saying, "jo deshdrohi naare lagayega, woh deshdrohi kahlaya jayega".

Shah said that "clarity of thought" helped (the BJP) take firm stances on issues.

I've already written hundreds of articles about the glittering performance of RSS/BJP and there is no point to waste the time of the readers as from Kashmir to Kerala, from Punjab to Meghalya, news stories are bubbling out of their competency and efficiency.

However, it would also be appropriate to give a brief educational background of Shri Amitbhai Anilchandra Shah here. He was born on 22 October, 1964 in a wealthy Jain family in Mumbai. His father Anilchandra Shah used to run a business dealing in PVC pipes. Amit Shah completed his schooling in Mehsana and pursued his graduation in bio-chemistry from CU Shah Science College in Ahmedabad. He joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) at the age of 14.

Now, as a student of bio-chemistry he might find it interesting to read the anatomy of RELATIONSHIP between Indian National Congress and the "Chatur Bania" - the term his used for reffering to the Father of the Nation.

Mahatama Gandhi was elected as the president of the Indian National Congress in 1921. The first responsibility that Gandhi undertook as the president of the Indian National Congress was to increase the reach of the party among the masses who reside in the remote corners in order to eradicate its elitist status. According to Bapu, rural India was the very backbone of the country, both in economic and in logistical terms. No movement could have been truly successful unless whole-heartedly supported by the inhabitants of the Indian villages. The first step that he took was to considerably reduce the membership fee of the party. Then he restructured the entire party hierarchy, and opened new party branches at various provinces and princely states of India. Soon, Congress took a national dimension with its membership multiplying manifold. Gandhi became the new guiding star of Indian politics, operating under the umbrella of the Indian National Congress.

As the president of the Indian National Congress, Mahatma Gandhi introduced the tenets and the ideals of Satyagraha, and the party saw the emergence of many new and charismatic leaders with great public appeal, who were loyal followers of Gandhi. By then, Lala Lajpat Rai had also become an admirer of Gandhi in spite of ideological differences. With such great following, non-cooperation movement against the Rowlatt Act and the Amritsar tragedy naturally took massive national dimension.

Mahatma Gandhi called off the non-cooperation movement abruptly following the unfortunate violence at Chauri Chaura. It was even condemned by many of his most loyal followers as a historic blunder, with the likes of Sri CR Das among them. Gandhi's arrest in 1922 was the beginning of a stormy period for the Indian National Congress. Two factions under CR Das and Chakraborty Rajagopalachari gathered force, and the entire coherent fabric of the INC was on the point of breaking down.

He undertook a fast in a bid to unite the warring factions. However, success was limited and Gandhi had to come back and hold the reins in order to guide Congress in the proper direction.

Bapu was influenced by the enthusiasm of younger Congressmen like Jawahrlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose. The government did not respond and the INC celebrated Indian independence on 26th January, 1930, following the proposals undertaken by Lahore Congress the year before. The Civil Disobedience movement ensued with Gandhi at the helm, defying government orders. The Civil Disobedience movement was strong enough to lead the British authorities to cower down under pressure and take steps to initiate the first round table conference leading to the Gandhi-Irwin pact. Gandhi, on the terms laid down by the pact reached England in 1931 as the sole representative of the Indian National Congress to participate in the Second Round Table conference, where he delivered an invigorating speech, exposing the brutalities of the British rule in India. The conference predictably failed.

The British government thereafter indulged in a divide and rule policy with the introduction of the Communal Award rule.

Mahatma Gandhi's innate belief in secularism was terribly hurt and he led Congress towards a full-fledged revolution. Gandhi's particular cause of pain was the breakdown within the Hindu community on lines of caste and creed, which was absolutely antagonistic to his satyagraha ideals. The highlight of the movement was the fast until death that he undertook on 20th September, 1932. His condition deteriorated and soon the warring factions were forced to come to terms of commonality. There would be a common election for the Hindus with the harijans and the other backward categories having seats reserved for them. The meeting with Ambedkar was successful, a great cessation was avoided at Gandhi's own initiative and the British policy of divide and rule suffered a setback. The elections proved a great success for Gandhi and the Indian National Congress that worked under his leadership.

The 'Quit India Movement' was formally launched in 1942, with Gandhi inviting the nationalists to embark in a program of 'do or die'. The revolution arrived at a fever pitch, as did the communal breakdown of the Indian social structure. It was a time of deep spiritual trauma for Gandhi. The goal of complete freedom of India was at the threshold, but at the cost of something that his secular ideology could never accept - partition.

Mahatma Gandhi's association with the Indian National Congress ushered in one of the most glorious periods of Indian nationalist movement. Throughout the troubled times, Gandhi, either in the capacity of the president or as a guiding force within the party structure successfully steered India towards its much cherished dream of freedom, that was ultimately realised in 1947. 

How distressing it is that in the new textbooks for Rajasthan state board schools being taught from this year are pushing to the margins the role of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi. Thes books have an extra dose of nationalism, with Hindutva ideologue Veer Savarkar. One of the textbooks introduced in the BJP-ruled state even describes the first crop of Congress leaders as mostly moderates who were prosperous, middle-class intellectuals hailing from big cities and having no connection with the masses. Savarkar getting a big chuck of space, even edging out Jawaharlal Nehru from the social science textbook of Class 10 and decimating Mahatma Gandhi to a passing reference. Educational experts are calling these history "revisions" as Hinduisation of the country's freedom struggle.

He is the same Veer Savarkar who had written a letter to his British Masters asking for forgiveness dated November 14, 1913 is reprinted in a book, Penal Settlement In Andamans, published by the Gazetteers Unit of Union ministry of education.

Savarkar described himself as a "prodigal son" longing to return to the "parental doors of the government". While referring to his earlier letter of clemency in 1911, Savarkar wrote, "...if the government in their manifold beneficence and mercy release me, I for one cannot but be the staunchest advocate of constitutional progress and loyalty to the English government which is the foremost condition of that progress. As long as we are in jails, there cannot be real happiness and joy in hundreds and thousands of homes of His Majesty's subjects in India, for blood is thicker than water; but if we are released, the people will raise a shout of joy and gratitude to the government, who knows how to forgive and correct, more than how to chastise and avenge."

Savarkar went on to add, "Moreover, my conversion to the constitutional line would bring back all those misled young men in India and abroad who were once looking up to me as their guide. I am ready to serve the government in any capacity they like, for as my conversion is conscientious so I hope my future conduct would be. By keeping me in jail, nothing can be got in comparison to what would be otherwise. The Mighty alone can afford to be merciful and, therefore, where else can the prodigal son return but to the parental doors of the government."

The revised textbooks for classes 10, 11 and 12 also bring students up to speed on current "hot topics" such as the Uniform Civil Code, Hindi as the country's contact language and Prime Minister Narendra Modi's foreign policies, especially with reference to Pakistan.

Kal tak jo beganey they,… Janmon ke meet hain, O mitva rey,ey …ey, Kal tak kya hoga koun se pal men, Koi janey naaaa…

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of merinews.com. In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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