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A literary milestone for research and creative writings: MIT International Journal of English Language and Literature
Good Research Journals bearing ISSN number are a need for all academic institutions of higher learning. They bring name and fame and more than everything they promote literature studies in a profitable way. Both the teachers and students are benefited.
Moradabad Institute of Technology (MIT) is showing the path for many higher learning institutes by publishing their bi-annual journal. They are doing it in many other subjects also. But the one in English Literature and Language edited by Dr. Sugandha Agarwal is just outstanding for its content and outer look. MIT International Journal of English Language and Literature is an outstanding literary effort of accommodating research papers and creative writings.

Since last year the bi-annual journal MIT International Journal of English Language and Literature (ISSN 2347-9779) is being published and it is beautifully edited by Dr. Sugandha Agarwal as the Editor in Chief. It contains both research and creative writings. The first issue was a wonderful one and the same quality is maintained also for the second issue Vol No. 2 published in August 2015. It is a wonderful collection of 14 research papers and with a good creative section containing one short story, one book review and nine beautiful poems. This beautiful combination of research and creative works gives the journal a new dimension. In the research papers issues related to modern life and literature are dealt with.

In the opening paper D.D.C. Chambial, who himself is Editor, Poet and Critic from Himachal Pradesh, correctly argues the position of woman in our society as suggested in the title itself 'The Woman Needs Parity with Man: A Textual Study of Bhatia's Poem - 'Woman'. It is a little surprising that one poem can be the topic of a whole research paper, which is usually a class lecture but Dr. D.C. Chambial writes the paper well by giving us a thorough analysis of each and every line of the poem. He talks about woman's precarious condition, and their readiness to sacrifice to the posterity. He aspires to convey to his readers that woman always lives in the perpetual fear of being robbed of her soul, the very self, which is the great virtue and her sole wealth.

Dr. Chambial refers to the sufferings of women from epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana.For example Sita, Savitri and Draupadi. The writer praises the poet for depicting the female protagonists for articulating the loyal and responsible potentialities of the woman and for showing disregard for his responsibilities and duties towards woman.

In the essay 'Disorientation: Queer Space in Shyam Selvadurai's Funny Boy', Professor (Dr) Pashupati Jha and Meera Singh wonderfully focuses how the spaces, the family and the school force Arjie towards stereotypical gender and sexual orientation and how the protagonist experiences disorientation.

Here Shyam Selvadurai uses the concept of 'Orientation' from Amitav Ghosh's novels. Judith Butler in Gender Trouble maintains that gender identity is a forced one, it is only 'performative effect' and the result of 'reiterate acting' or doing one's gender. "There is no gender identity behind the expressions of gender, that identity is performatively constituted by the very 'expressions' that are said to be its result. So it is hegemonic construction and has social, historical, and cultural rather than biological origin.

Dr Jha has beautifully shown that the protagonist of the novel Arjie, is biologically male but his disposition is feminine. He does not fit in traditional dichotomy that if one is male, he must assume masculinity and if female, then she must assume femininity. Here the focus is on family, which is the first and powerful institution that corrects the ways if one goes astray. Arjie is here under the watching eyes of his family members. Michel Foucault says that 'normalising judgement' is the part of modern disciplinary control and one who fails is punished. The novel focuses on his disorientation from various perspectives. In this journal there is a varied panorama of thinking.

Dr. Zubair Khan and Muhammad Siddique discussed how language is essentially a skill that is learned through applied innovative techniques and methods in teaching of English language. The writers conclude that a learner-centered approach is more effective in the context of teaching language. In today's world students are the creators, not simply consumers, of technology and technology-produced art and projects. So, there is a need for a conceptualized field that is more learner-centered, more collaborative and more technologically driven.

Dr. Lata Mishra, an eminent academician and Editor, presents a beautiful paper in this volume 'Identity, Hegemony, and Resistance: A Study of Pratibha Ray's The Primal Land in which she discusses how the Primal Land records the history of Bonda tribe from the colonial period to contemporary times. Their exploitation, especially of women members of the tribe, both on physical as well as emotional level is explored and a realistic picture is presented to readers. But the novel is mistakenly mentioned sometime as 'The Primal Life' in the paper. This mistake is painful for an International Journal and the Editor must take care of proof reading.

In this paper Dr. Lata Mishra attempts to explore the tensions that arise out of the interaction between tribal and civilized societies and how the government plans for the betterment of the Bonda tribe fail in light of Structural Strain theory, which is developed by Robert K Merton tracing the deviance to the tensions caused by the gap between cultural goals and the means people have available to them to achieve those goals.

Finally she focuses on the sexism that thrives through social institutions and the plight of the women in the society. Dr. Sudhir Arora reviewed in a paper C.L. Khatri's Two Minute Silence and justified the inclusion of a few Indian authors for university curriculum. The bi-lingual poet Prof. C.L. Khatri wonderfully uses poetry as a means of fighting against the erosion of cultural roots and values. His first poetic debut was with Kargil (2000) and the second one is Ripples in the Lake (2006). The third volume comes much late as Two Minute Silence (2006) in which he attempts to awaken the people's consciousness towards the cultural roots and a meaningful life with human values. A few lines given from the poem 'Two Minute Silence': Let's observe two- minute silence/ On the shrinking space, shrinking sun/ Stinking water of the sacred rivers/ Sleeping birds, falling leaves/ Watermelon being sliced for quarrelling cousins/ Someone whispered in my ear /Can't we do with one minute?' Dr. Arora rightly describes the poem as one of the representative poems of thought and mood.

Dr. Subham Chatterjee's paper 'Dichotomy and Diversion in Arvind Adiga's The White Tiger' is significant in the sense he focuses on the protagonist Balram Halwai and his growth. It is a journey from strength to strength from Munna to White Tiger to Balram Halwai. The narrative highlights the issues of poverty, shams, corruption, aspiration ambition, and India's emergence as a global economy along with the third world sensibilities. It beautifully gives us the chiaroscuro effect by unfurling the discrimination between 'big bellies and small bellies.'

There are also articles by Dr. Mosam Sinha and Dr. Kartikey on the 'Perception of Students on Teaching Quality Determinants and Effectiveness' and Dr. Sushil Kumar Mishra's 'The Quest of Nature in the Poetry of Wordsworth'. The title is somewhat misleading and nothing is much understood by 'The Quest of Nature'. This paper is dull and more like a class note prepared for major students.

Nothing much is newly said nor analysed. Better is the other article on Premchand's Sukhda in Karmabhumi by a research scholar Parul Agarwal where two issues are focused - one, the social and the other political. The writer rightly says that Premchand's creative efforts were strongly imbued with social commitment.

One interesting paper is 'Ecocriticism and Shakespeare' in which the dialectics in William Shakespeare's 'As You Like It' is explored by Animesh Roy. Dr. Trayee Sinha's paper Identity Construction of the Third Gender in The Truth about Me of Revathi, which was written by her in Tamil as Unarvumi Urumvamun. It is a hizra life story. The pangs of marginalisation are discussed.

Dr. Jyoti Gupta's paper on Amitav Ghosh is a study of the great writer but it is not a thorough analysis like the paper on Jhumpa Lahiri's Unaccustomed Earth by A Baba Rajendra Prasad. Dr. Ramesh K Srivastava's short story Lucky Rope has a good beginning but the ending seems to lack the desired twist. But, yet the humorous touches and irony enliven the plot.

Poems written by Dr. D.C. Chambial, and Dr. K.V. Dominic are quite happy reading. In a word, the MIT journal is showing a path for many institutions to have their own ISSN journal. Paper and printing are quite impressive. But, there is scope for improvement in the content part.

Good poems may be selected by the Editorial Board rather than to wait for the poets to send them. Usually good poets are busy in writing poems, not in sending them for a journal or a contest. Kudos to Editor in Chief Dr. Sugandha Agarwal who has done the editing job quite commendably.

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