A revolution actually means a complete "Turn Around" delivering a fundamental change in leadership, governing power and political organizational infrastructure in a nation. In other words a complete overhaul of present governance systems in a relatively short period of time. Mostly such revolutions are always political in nature. Anna Hazare’s revolution is social in body but political in spirit. Aristotle the great described two types of political revolutions: complete change from one constitution to another and modification of an existing constitution.
Anna’s movement is nothing but a social revolution of sorts as described by Aristotle, which occurred as many others previously had in the lengthy human history but of course varying in terms of its motivating methodology and duration. Its success is yet to be gauged, as until now the Lokpal Bill is yet to see the light of the day. Anna Hazare has not given a definite deadline as to when the Bill should become law and also in case of his failure, what action plan his organization will follow. All movements are time bound and end in success or failures. Anna Hazare broke the momentum of his own movement and rebuilding the same repeatedly to the previous scale seems next to impossible.
This is for sure that no political party, governing officials want the bill to become a constitutional law. If this movement is deemed successful and the Bill becomes a law to reckon with, it will result in major changes in India’s culture, economy, and socio-political institutions which Anna has miserably failed to bring about. Public forums like his will become revolutionary in bringing about change in our day-to-day lives vis-à-vis governance systems.
Anna Hazare has to form a political party with national bearings to bring about a change or otherwise he will fail and his image takes a beating in the long run.
People have already starting doubting his movement’s motives, which keeps on fluctuating from high to lows and vice versa. Many still believe that an existing political party for its own political gain led the movement. There are still others who think that a corrupt political lobby belonging to various parties, including some business houses had a personal vendetta against another group, hence this movement got its initial support and momentum thereof. Some believe it is a strategy to curtail corruption only at the lower end as they believed that nothing more or less would suit the country in the long run as otherwise this animal of corruption will gobble up their golden goose, which is laying golden eggs at the moment. In reality, theories are as many as his followers are. This is for sure that from a people’s movement it has now become an individual's movement.
The European Revolution of 1848 is an ardent example of Anna Like movement as it saw social success but not political. Five main factors were involved in incubating it into a revolution similar to ours in India: the widespread dissatisfaction with the political leadership; the demand for more participation in governance; the demands of the working classes; the upsurge of nationalism; and finally, the regrouping of the reactionary forces based in our people, government and political class. The main perpetuators of the uprising were led by shaky reformers comprising of lower and middle class workers, but it could not hold together for long as it lacked true leadership and strong infrastructure linked governance measures, which a political party can only deliver. If the perpetuators of Anna’s movement could ensure the feeding of motivation angle for the energy to sustain the movement and ultimately bring about a change in governance by his movement, adopting the Indian Political party system then with his long set goals and ideological agenda, India would see a revolution of a kind and nothing less.
In India, the social fabric has taken a beating. The poor are getting poorer. Corruption is at its peak and policing at its lowest. High inflation itself has become a danger to our democratic setup. We are under military threat from a long list of enemies. Our economy is in doldrums. Overall, the country is not at all in good shape. This has led to Anna like Gandhian movement along with its violent counterpart - the Naxal Movement. The Naxalites are truly the violent fall out of Anna Hazare type Gandhian movement. Media cannot outrightly and brazenly under government pressure avoid a people’s movement like Anna Hazare’s. Media has to go with the people, the middle classes, the masses and not with the government. Corruption is leading our nation to the status of a failed state from the status of the golden bird of the east.
Many say that the reformist movement will die out and with it Anna Hazare but one thing is for sure that if political and governance change is not brought about soon then we are all going to face a civil war like situation in the near future. This issue of Lokpal is nothing but bad governance, which is evolving to a greater height. Good governance is flailing everyday due to corruption. Just like survival of the fittest, political structures too evolve with changing times and social pressures. The corrupt system in its rigidity is actually opposing change thus bringing the society to the brink of revolution and its other well-known dangerous repercussions. The multi-party coalitions have started behaving like mafias and are truly the most corrupt.
I conclude this article by prophesying that we will no more be a democracy but a state torn by civil strife, as people to survive will do anything to everything to fight for their right for a better and just living under people like Anna who promise better systems where all their woes are addressed.