The first and foremost issue that occupies frequently is how independent we are in reality and whether we are really independent? Before Independence, we were ruled by the Britishers; for every purpose, we had to bow down in front of the foreign power. After much bloodshed, we got independence from the British, but undivided India was broken into two dominions – India and Pakistan. Though both of the two dominions were declared secular at the time of independence, Pakistan turned into an Islamic country. India has maintained the ideal of secularism till date as mentioned in the Constitution, ignoring all heinous attempts by some political organisations to make it a ’Hindu’ land. Every five years, we, the proud citizens of India, cast our votes and elect our representatives in the Parliament (the very citadel of democracy) and in the legislative assemblies. But the overall procedure of election is well known to us. Except for some major cities in India, especially where the ratio of highly educated and socially-conscious people is higher than in other areas, election is considered neither a fair nor a peaceful event in the rest of our country. Booth-jam, rigging, terrorising the common masses to remain away from casting their vote and various other malpractices take place in order to secure maximum seats in those socially and economically backward areas. Casting a vote pressurised by some goons is equal to staying inside a prison and acting like convicts. After the voting, while the winner along with his/ her supporters conducts a rally, an imbecile like me also can’t suppress the laughter.
Earlier, we were under the British rule. With independence, a transformation of power took place. Those who were oppressed, deprived and neglected in those days, still remained the same. No change has appeared in their life style. The ’Sun of Liberty’ has risen for those who can move the stick and dominate over the less fortunate by any and all means.
After 60 years of independence, the Central government has failed completely to fulfill three basic needs of the common people – food, clothing and employment. At least 9.05 per cent of youth community are still fighting against ’unemployment’. Yojanas after yojanas arrived, a number of policies and plans were executed, but the water has remained stagnant.
Our Central governments as well as state governments shout a lot about development, but that is very much limited within the boundaries of the metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai and a few more. But what about the villages?
Shortage of pure drinking water comes first in this list. May be the residents of A-1 cities/metropolitan cities get volumes of drinking water regularly through municipal corporation but those who dwell in the remote villages, strive daily for a bucket of fresh drinking water. Keeping apart Rajasthan, the only desert state of India, until you visit the villages of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamilnadu, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, you will not realise the level of distress. Everyday, women in groups from these places cover a long distance just to get one or two buckets of drinking water.
During my university days, I had to visit Malkangiri, Raigada, Koraput and Ganjam districts of Orissa to complete my project. I found acute shortage of drinking water in these places. My friends and lecturers, who visited other places of Andhra, Tamilnadu, MP and Chhattisgarh for the same purpose, encountered the same problem in those places. Lastly, the drinking water that the poor villagers have to take for survival, is not at all pure and I am confident enough that the same is arsenic infected also. Even if you visit districts like Purulia, Bankura and Birbhum of West Bengal, a state I belong to, you’ll find acute shortage of drinking water. I have seen several times in Kolkata that municipality run taps are kept opened for 24 hours and gallons of water just go wasted. What a contrast in different parts of the same country?
Electricity is the next issue. India is a country consisting of over six lakh villages. But alas! After sunset, a major percentage of Indian villages go under an impregnable curtain of darkness due to lack of electricity. Thermal power, hydro power, nuclear power...so much power, but still a large portion of Indian population lives without electricity.
Now comes the next issue - food. I came to know from a renowned Bengali daily, ’Anandabazar Patrika’ that some people starved to death in Amlasol, a village in Bankura, an impoverished district of West Bengal. Such a news is nothing but a shame for India, which is globally known as a developing country. It is a striking fact that while a large amount of food grains are wasted each year, people starve to death due to non-availability of foods. Later, again ’E-TV Bangla’, a regional channel, operated by E-network, Hyderabad, displayed gruesome live picture from some remote villages of Bankura, which showed people eating ants to satiate their hunger.
While I visited Malkangiri in mid 2007, I could not believe my eyes when I noticed some people moving around completely naked, as they had no clothes at all to cover themselves. When I asked a concerned government official regarding the reason, he just replied smartly, "They belong to Bonda tribal groups, they are primitive." Initially, I believed his words, but when I asked one naked ’Bonda’ as to where he stayed, his answered as any civilised person would, "We stay under trees. We heard that government had alloted some houses for us, but never saw them." Now whom should I call primitive? We, the well-dressed people, holding the tie of civilisation around our neck or the Bondas who have to stay naked due to lack of clothes?
Surat is known as the Manchester of India; Reliance, Gwalior, Shiyaji, DCM, Raymonds are some of the renowned Indian garment factories, whose name are well known throughout the world for their quality product as well as standards. Don’t these companies have any extra rags to cover the shame of their brethren?
If you go through the streets of the metropolitan cities at night, you’ll find a number of homeless sleeping under the sky after day long hard work. Each day, these homeless come to your house to clear your dustbin, to clean your car or to polish your shoes. But we fail to provide those, with whose help we all are moving faster, a shelter. If your air conditioned car stands near a red light in a busy road, little hands holding some noted magazines appear outside the film-coated glass, begging for some money to have a piece of bread in lieu of these books. Girls fear to come out alone in cities as well in villages at night as they anticipate rape and molestation. Children are kidnapped for money; people vanish and then their dead bodies are found without kidneys and other rare organs. Blinded by religious fanaticism, one community mercilessly kills the other and pose as if they have done a feat.
So, are we really independent? We were under the bondage of British, and now we are under the bondage of poverty and darkness. If we are really free, then why are we still under the curtain of poverty and backwardness? Crackers worth of millions will be burnt on the eve of 61st Independence Day, hope all the scars of negativity will be wiped away by the light and sound of firepower. Hope a new India, a real ’Independent – India’ will take birth again.