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Arunachal Pradesh crisis: Why has President's rule become necessary for the state?
On Sunday the Union Cabinet recommended the imposition of President's rule in the border state of Arunachal Pradesh, a move which did not go down well with the Congress, as the party heads the government in the state.

A major political crisis had started in Arunachal Pradesh on December 16, when 21 Congress rebel MLA's had joined 11 BJP MLA's and two independents members in the 60-member state assembly to "impeach" Speaker Nabam Rebia at a makeshift venue, after the speaker locked out the assembly.

Chief Minister Nabam Tuki who has 26 lawmakers on his side boycotted the session and called it unconstitutional.

A day later, the rebels gathered at the conference hall of a hotel in Itanagar and voted out CM Tuki by adopting a no-confidence motion chaired by Deputy Speaker T Norbu Thongdok. The Congress dissidents and BJP MLA's elected Kalikho Pul as the new "chief minister".

The crisis in the state deepened further after the intervention of the Guwahati High Court which put on hold the decisions taken in the rebel session. However, when the High Court dismissed the petition filed by Speaker Nabam Rebia, he moved the Supreme Court, which further referred the matter to a Constitutional bench.

The governor of Arunachal Pradesh, Jyoti Prakash Rajkhowa in a report to the Centre had said that the Article 174(1) of the Constitution had been violated as preceding January 21, there was no assembly session held for six months. He also said that Congress MLA's had gheraoed the Raj Bhawan and the Governor, who is a representative of the President, which amounted to constitutional breakdown in the state.

The report of the Governor further stated that the Assembly Speaker's order of not allowing rebel Congress MLA's revolting against the CM Tuki to visit the assembly was in itself a grave act in a democratic set up. Rajkhow said that the state government officials had tried to play communal politics by instigating students against tribal groups and him (Governor).

As the the Governor's report, Article 167(b) of the Constitution was also flouted as letter from the Governor relating to issues of public concern were not responded by the state government and that law and order situation had badly deteriorated in the state.

Meanwhile Union Minister Kiren Rijiju, who hails from Arunachal Pradesh clearly said on Sunday that BJP had no intention of forming the government in the state, and the decision was up to the MLA's.

Rijiju told PTI, "The Union Cabinet has recommended the imposition of President;s rule in the state for the next six months. The question of BJP forming the government does not arise at all. It is the MLA's who will decided what to do in the future."

Rijiju said that it was unethical for the Chief Minister Nabam Tuki to continue his government after the Guwahati High Court had ruled against him, considering that there was no assembly session for six months at a stretch.

Meanwhile dissident Congress MLA's have welcomed the recommendations of the Union Cabinet of imposing President's rule. But Congress reacted sharply by saying that the decision was unconstitutional.

Senior Congress leader Kapil Sibal said, "The party is set to challenge in court the Union Cabinet's recommendations for imposing President's rule in Arunachal Pradesh, if it is assented by the President."

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal too expressed "shock" at the decision of the union cabinet calling it "murder" of the Constitution.

Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and former CM of Jammu & Kashmir Omar Abdullah also criticised the Modi government's move of imposing President's rule in the state. 





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