The bird flu can affect an individual if the individual is in close contact with the infected poultry. Usually, the people working in poultry are particularly vulnerable to this infection. The Avian flu can spread from infected birds skin, blood and excreta. It can also spread by eating the meat of an uncooked or under-cooked infected bird. But if the infected bird is thoroughly cooked then the virus cannot affect the human.
The typical symptoms of Avian flu are sore throat, cough, fever and muscle aches. Other severe symptoms of Avian flu are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, pneumonia, eye infection and respiratory failure. But one of the characteristic symptom of avian flu, which is seen in many patients is lower respiratory tract infection. The vaccine for H5N1 is not available publicly, but the most commonly used medication for the Bird flu treatment in humans is Oseltamivir (Tamiflu), it is an anti-viral drug that prevents the spread of flu.
The precautions that can be taken for Bird flu are properly washing the eggs and meat of the poultry, cooking the meat or egg properly, so that the virus present in it will not survive and properly washing the hand before handling and after handling the meat. Maintaining the basic hygienic level is enough to keep the virus away, reported the website health.india.