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Both the genders need to cooperate to attain larger goal of social equity
It is commonly believed that a long spell of patriarchy and male dominance has led to gender inequality in all aspects of human life. This gave rise to feminist movements and feminism as an ideology to define, attain, establish and defend equal political, economic, educational and social rights for women against continued gender discrimination and oppression.

Around the world, feminist activists hold that they campaign for women's rights by seeking gender equality and strongly advocate the premise that men's liberation is a necessary part of feminism and that men are also harmed by sexism and gender roles.

Challenging the biological essentialist view of gender, Cordelia  Fine in her book "Delusions of Gender: How Our Minds, Society, and Neurosexism Create Difference" suggests that there is an innate biological difference between men's and women's minds but wrongfully this has been converted into cultural and societal beliefs for differences between individuals as sex differences for specific roles.

In many traditional cultures, patriarchy continues to be the social system in which society is organized around male authority figures in families, employment, economic activities and social life.  In other words, the social and work life revolves around the male dominance, competition and privilege to perpetuate the female subordination.

Likewise, A.J. Tickner in the book titled "Patriarchy" writes that the most forms of feminism characterize patriarchy as an unjust social system that is oppressive to women. Similarly, Carole Pateman argues that the patriarchal distinction between two sexes in form of masculinity and femininity is the male-made political difference between freedom and subjection.

Thus, the prominent feminist theories characterizes patriarchy as a social construction, which can be overcome by revealing and critically analyzing its manifestations and taking action on it for change in the mindsets of men and women both.

According to Nancy Chodorow, the author of the book "Feminism and Psychoanalytic Theory", feminism aims to understand the nature of gender inequality by examining women's social roles and lived experience to respond to issues such as the social construction of sex and gender by both the sexes. Therefore, male participation in feminism is often encouraged by feminists and is seen as an important strategy for achieving full societal commitment to gender equality and equity.

The legal provisions, quotas and rights-based activism often lead to role reversals or lopsidedness. Since, gender bias and inequity is a societal problem, many male feminists and pro-feminists are active in women’s rights activism, feminist theory construction, and masculinity studies for gender equity.

According to Judith Kegan Gardiner, the consensus today in feminist and masculinity theories is that both genders can and should cooperate to achieve the larger goals of feminism.

Many sociologists are of the view that men should become pro-feminist to support of feminism with men's groups doing anti-violence work in schools, offering sexual harassment workshops in workplaces, running community education campaigns for gender equity, counselling male perpetrators of sexual violence on women and social equity.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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