Psychiatrists hold that among children, the violent behavior is often learned from observing others. Some research studies suggest that in boys, early problematic motor skills, attention difficulties, failures and reading problems lead to antisocial conduct, later or sooner. Also, a few studies indicate that exposure to television violence and playing of violent video games are positively related to increased aggressiveness in children, which is in turn, gets carried over to the neighborhoods and schools.
The home environment with possession of and exposure to gun practice by children, parental alcoholism, domestic violence, physical abuse of the child, etc., teach children that criminal and violent activities are acceptable. And, children in their formative years try to copy such behaviours.
Similarly, studies also inform that very strict and harsh parental and school discipline is associated with aggressiveness among children and youth. Children perceive strict discipline as an adult aggression for control. This promotes aggression as a value for exercising control over others. Some recent researches have linked the insensitive and strict school environment to school violence.
We need to focus on prevention and intervention strategies to stop violence from occurring at the level of society by enforcing laws, transforming the school community into a web of caring relationships, stressing the emotional bond within the family members and respecting the individual differences and implementing the positive psychology-based approaches.