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Career-based education can lessen unemployment
Education plays a vital role in the development of any country. In India, it is provided both by the public as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: Central, State and Local.

India has made progress in terms of increasing primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately three-fourths of the population. India's improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to its economic rise. Much of the progress, especially in higher education and scientific research, has been credited to various public institutions. The private education market in India is merely 5 per cent.

However, the country continues to face stern challenges. Despite growing investment in education, 25% of its population is still illiterate; only 15% of Indian students reach high school, and just 7% graduate. The quality of education whether at primary or higher education is significantly poor compared to major developing nations.

On the one hand, majority of the people are lacking education while on the other hand, the standard of education is going down day by day. The most important is that pass-outs are facing unemployment problem and no solution has so far been evolved to overcome this problem.

Recently, Pranab Mukharjee, President of India, while addressing the students at the Third Convocation function of Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, expressed his views relating to education which are significant to bring efficiency in our education system.

The problem is that the condition of our universities is also becoming worse along with the schools.  President was of the view that there should be one rustic type centre in every university, where the work is done on the basis of research developments with motivational attitude.

Now the question is whether the education standard of the country would be upgraded with the establishment of such centers. The question which has cropped to my mind is: will it be possible to bring reforms in education system, without the change in the basic proper and adequate arrangements of education?” No, not at all.

In fact, the education had never been a subject of priority for successive governments. The law makers, who come through elections to the Upper and Lower Houses, are first busy in getting the victory in election and then making grounds for the next term. They are least bothered about the systems going on in the country.  The opposition too speaks, disrupts the proceedings of the Houses, just for the sake of showing their existence but without showing any seriousness about the particular subject matter.

So far as education is concerned, now it has been handed over to private companies as the government does not have enough money to run the schools, colleges and universities. Because of this type of attitude, the developmental work of the country has been badly affected. The educational institutions, in other words, have become the profitable business houses.

Moreover, the educated class is not ready to work in India itself. This trend can only be changed if certain basic changes in the system are made and it could only be possible if the education becomes a priority sector. Because of lack of funds at the governmental level, the research based work in the universities could not be done. This is the reason that in the top 200 universities of the world, India stands nowhere and it is a matter of serious concern.

At present, only four persons could get the Nobel Prize and all Indian Noble Prize winners had been doing their research work in foreign universities. There was a time when the students from all over world were attracted by Nalanda and Takshila universities in India. The scholars of China and other countries had got their education from Indian universities but now the situation is totally reversed.   

Now the Indian citizens are not interested to study in their own universities, and because of shortage of students, the economic condition of the universities is also deteriorating day by day. Shortage of teachers in the universities is another big problem and cause of concern besides linking the education with the economic arrangements.

At the same time, there is an increase of about 1.2 crore in the category of labour and in 2020, it is expected to be the maximum and youths in India are becoming the victim of unemployment as they employment based education.

In India, only 7 per cent students are getting vocational education. The recent decision of the Delhi University to introduce four-year degree courses with number of vocational based courses as a part of degree is a right step in this direction.

The educational institutions need to be strengthened simultaneously with cultural and moral value education. Bookish knowledge needs to be associated with the education of moral values to get the desired and fruitful results. The tainted teachers need to be separated from the educational institutions. It is matter of great concern when the teacher, who is to teach students, by becoming a role model, is involved in the physical exploitation of students.

We require dedicated and devoted teachers, who have a passion for teaching. If all concerned take an active part in changing the education system, we can see a sea change in our education system.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of merinews.com. In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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