'When is our nonsensical reservation system further enlarged' is not that tough question to construe. The Maharashtra Government has recently announced 16 per cent and 5 per cent reservation for Marathas and Muslims, respectively enhancing the total reservation to 73 per cent, which means mere 27 per cent for the General category; despite of the fact that many from this category are far more underprivileged than members of reserved castes.
'Vote Bank Politics' is all that has never allowed the politicians and governments to look beyond castes and communities, and make available paybacks to real seekers, the truly underprivileged ones.
The Supreme Court of India has consistently laid down the principle that reservation for any category can only be permissible in case backed by relevant data and evidence that can justify the need for reservation. On the contrary, the state government of UP announced reservation in promotions in the year 2007, with a view to get hold of the votes of particular castes. Challenged in the court of law, the measure was declared unconstitutional.
Same was the case when the Central Government's vote-oriented announcement of sub-quota of 4.5 per cent for minorities was stayed by the Election Commission for violation of the model code of conduct.
The very addition of the favors granted to particular castes in the constitution of India can be understood as the underlying basis of this grave concern. The makers, though were conscious of the then-prevailing backwardness and lack of opportunities for the backwards, did not pay proper heed to the milieu when members of these castes would unjustifiably profit from this setup, while the real underprivileged would rarely advance.
For sure, the untenable caste based reservation system has to be replaced with reservation based on economic status of the family. Not few, comprehensive amendments to laws and procedures is the pressing need of the hour.