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Child sex ratio in South West Delhi hits an alarming low
After successfully completing the 'Meri Shakti, Meri Beti' (MSMB) project in the lowest sex ratio areas of Delhi and districts of Haryana (Kurukshetra and Ambala), non-profit organisation Centre for Social Research (CSR) with support from the German Embassy is implementing the project in the areas of South-West Delhi where the situation is even worse with the child sex ratio of 836 girls per 1000 boys.

IN 2007, the MSMB project was implemented in the three lowest sex-ratio areas of Delhi namely Najafgarh, Narela and Punjabi Bagh. From the month of February 2012, it is being implemented in Vasant Kunj, Mahipalpur, Dabri, Dwarka, Vasant Vihar and R.K. Puram.

The project aims at curbing the incidents of pre-natal sex selection in South West Delhi which according to the recent census data hasn’t shown very encouraging results. According to the census data, the sex ratio in South West Delhi which stood at 846 among children in the 0-6 age bracket in the year 2001 further witnessed a 10 point decline to 836 in 2011.

In New Delhi, the sex ratio further slipped from 898 in 2001 to an abysmal 883 in 2011. Hence, the goal of the project is to generate understanding and awareness regarding the implementation and impact of the Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act 1994 and prepare local stakeholders and community members for deeper engagement in efforts to end pre-natal sex selection.

Since the issue needs to be addressed through a multi-pronged approach, the sensitisation of community members and general public will be done through various “walks against female foeticide”, silent demonstrations, signature campaigns, and media workshops. The district administration and the PC/PNDT officials have also been contacted through the networking effort. A medical and social audit will also be conducted and its findings will be submitted to the bodies of the Government of India dealing with the issue of decreasing sex ratio.

Community Watch Groups (CWG) have been formed to create a body at the local community level to keep a vigil over their immediate society to curb declining sex ratio; generate citizen participation in proper project implementation, generate awareness at the grassroots level about the negative consequences of female foeticide; and to increase awareness about the PCPNDT Act.

The aim is to ensure long term sustainability of the project, even after its completion. CWGs have also been formed in the Dabri project area, among the residents of Vasant Gaon, and in a community living in Mahipalpur. All the CWGs have been formed with a vision that a local body constituting of the community members can act as a monitoring body and can keep a check on the incidences of female foeticide in their community.

Speaking about the MSMB-II project, Dr. Ranjana Kumari, Director, Centre for Social Research, said: “We are very hopeful and confident that the Meri Shakti Meri Beti project and the newly formed CWGs will keep a constant vigil over the immediate community and check further incidences of female foeticide.”

The following table is a compilation of Census data, and provides a snapshot of the sex ratio figures from 1991 to 2011. In addition to the overall sex ratio, the following table also provides figures for the 0-6 age bracket, which will enable further understanding of the present situation.

 

 

1991

2001

2011

Sex ratio

Sex ratio

Sex ratio (0-6)

Sex ratio

Sex ratio (0-6)

Delhi NCT State Average

827

821

868

866

866

North Delhi

819

826

886

871

872

South Delhi

807

799

888

859

878

East Delhi

846

843

865

883

870

West Delhi

848

830

859

876

867

Central Delhi

872

842

903

892

902

New Delhi

793

792

898

811

883

North East Delhi

837

849

875

886

875

North West Delhi

822

820

857

862

863

South West Delhi

795

784

846

836

836

The MSMB project is also witnessing the formation of Committees Against Female Foeticide (CAFFs) in the elite pockets of Delhi- Vasant Kunj, Dwarka, and Vasant Vihar to fight the sex-selective activities taking place among the rich.

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