Child survival is a global challenge: Give priorities to social issues over the politics of votes
The increase in children’s death rate in India, as compared to other countries in the world, is a matter of serious concern, despite the availability of various schemes of government and non-government institutions and schemes in the name of child development. During the year 2012, about 66 lakhs children died due to various reasons, is a sufficient proof to establish it.
Giving this information with reference to the report released by the United Nations, Raj Kishore, a social activists and an educationist from Fazilka informed that during 1990, the figure was 1.26 crore but due to the efforts of UN, no doubt, during the last two decades, the lives of lakhs of children have been saved to reduce this figure but further reduction of two-third in the death rate of children is not presently seen.
Kalra said that as per the report, in the world, in 2012, approximately 66 lakhs deaths worldwide – 18,000 per day- out of which 5000 daily in India, died before reaching their fifth birthday and it was noticed only in India, China, Kango, Pakistan and Nigeria and for this, the leading causes of death among children aged less than five years including pneumonia, prematurity, birth asphyxia, malaria and diarrhea and globally about 45 per cent of under-five deaths are linked to under-nutrition and of course, our administrative system can also be held responsible for poverty and illiteracy.
There are number of schemes in India, on this basis of which, our administrative system claims to take care of the children in future but the problem is this that such schemes become a part of our corrupt system before reaching to the real beneficiaries. The speed of implementation of these schemes at the national and international level is very slow because they don’t get the support of the society.
Kalra expressing his view point said, “Our thinking is that in case we have to reduce the population, then the logic given in favour of female foeticide is that it should be of girls only, as the dynasty will move with the boys. But the factual position is that our country which claims to be on the top of the list in this scientific world, our country is still lacking behind on the social issues."
Criticizing on the political parties, he said, “Now child survival is a global challenge. We should think about giving priorities to the social issues over the politics of votes. The statistics show that about 90,000 children go missing every year in our country and only 1 per cent are located by the police administration and it puts a big question mark as to whether India would become super-power in 2020.”