Constitution makers knew that caste based and tribe based reservation was one of the affirmative action but not the only and permanent solution. Thus this reservation is provided on a temporary basis for 10 years only. However this was used as a vote bank by the Congress and then it was extended continuously. From the Congress, other regional parties learned this vote bank tactic and followed it beautifully in further dividing the castes as most back ward castes, other back word castes etc. Many communities too started demanding to be in such reserved caste categories and finally it became a centre of opportunistic vote bank politics!
Those who availed this reservation remain cutoff from their community and further availed the benefits for generations. Those who couldn’t get it still remain trailing. The reason is simple, the group of the reserved castes once changed their condition due to reservation became competitors to the remaining trailing population of reserved castes. Thus the earlier benefactors always beat the remaining population making their condition worse!
Hence the real social justice remained unfulfilled and casteism strongly entered in to the society. In the mean time people from upper caste Hindu, general public of minority community despite their poverty, remained trailing without availing any affirmative action and felt like a discriminated community.
If reservation would given on economical condition only, then not only this creamy layer class be prohibited from taking undue advantage but also all poor despite their caste, religion or race can avail the benefit of reservation. Once their financial condition improves, their next generation can be removed from the list of reservation beneficiaries as economic condition would be the criteria. Thus this is a very wise and apt suggestion from Dwivedi.
But definitely Dwivedi’s comment despite its merit is not an opinion from the heart but a brilliant political strategy. It’s simple that only creamy layer people from reserved castes would oppose it and the ordinary people of those castes wouldn’t oppose because they are covered under economic criterion. Further if caste is to go, then entire 50% reservation would be on economical condition and hence their chance wouldn’t be limited to a particular category like SC, ST or OBC.
Secondly minority community especially Muslims would be benefited a lot. Poverty is worst in Muslim community and this community really needs urgent affirmative action as no country can ever progress when its sizable population trails way behind and no help is coming from the state!
While it serves the national interest, it will also serve Congress’s political interest. Every time during elections, they pass bill for minority reservation, which eventually gets struck down by the courts. But reservation on economical criterion automatically qualifies all Indians to avail the reservation subject to their financial condition.
Congress badly needs the Muslim votes, which were really snatched by regional parties. Thus as a master strategist, Dwivedi initiated this eyeing minority vote bank.
However, I would like to agree on Dwivedi’s point ignoring his political strategy because this is the right policy for the nation to move ahead. There may be some political interest, but if policy is right then one shouldn’t object! The nation can’t be promoting castiesm and discriminate other poor only because they don’t belong to a particular caste of Hindu community!