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Contaminated water is posing an alarming situation
A report of the NITI Aayog said that 70 per cent water supply in the country is getting contaminated. According to the latest report of the Safe Water Network, India's position is 120 in the 122 countries in the Water Quality Index. According to this report, due to increasing population and increased use of water by the year 2050, consumption of per capita water can fall from 40 to 50 per cent.

People living in slums mostly in urban areas are deprived of drinking water. It is difficult to lay pipelines in such areas of the city. Therefore, people living in slum area need to set up small water enterprises. According to the Safe Water Network report, in order to provide drinking water to the 37 million population living in the slums of the cities, the government will have to set up 2.2 lakh small water enterprises which would cost Rs 44,000 crore. Here the question arises whether the government is ready to provide drinking water to everyone or is in a position to develop infrastructure for establishing small water enterprises.

A pipeline is required to provide water to everyone's home. The country's 82 crore population is still not getting drinking water from the pipeline. The problem is also to make the water drinkable in the villages. There is no basic facility to clean the water even today. The rural population is still drinking water directly from the river, well, pine or pond, which is a major threat to their health.

In the year 2014, there were 12,000 water purification centers, which were dedicated to make dirty water drinkable, which has increased to 50,000 by the end of 2018. According to the Safe Water Network, if the government's policy is made to clean water, then there may be some improvement in the present situation. The government has set a target of supplying drinking water through pipelines to all households by the year 2030. For this, the government will have to develop infrastructure worth rupees five lakh crore.

There are approximately 63 million people in India's rural areas, which are still compelled to drink contaminated water, while in the year 2017, on the occasion of World Water Day, the United Nations declared the fundamental right of human being to drink clean water. According to a report of 2008, 88 percent of India's population had access to water, but access to drinking water in urban areas was only 31 percent of the population, whereas in rural areas it was only 21 percent.

According to a report of "Water Aid", still 163 million people in India are bereaved from drinking water while considering the 2011 census as the basis, the Wikipedia says that in the case of availability of clean water in homes, with 97.6 percent Punjab is in the first place, while with 95.1 percent Uttar Pradesh is in the second position and with 94 percent Bihar is in the third place. In the states, Kerala is at the bottom with 35.5 percent, whereas the national average of the availability of clean water is 85.5 percent.

The Mother Nature has given a lot of resources to our country. We have dense forests, big rivers, ponds, lakes etc., but we are not understanding its importance and by and by we are destroying the natural resources.

By presenting the present situation, it is estimated that by 2025 our country will have a severe water shortage and the common man and animals may also be die if situation doesn't change.

The government is also aware of the crisis. Regardless of this, the policies of the government are making contaminate water. Owing to these, water scarcity is also becoming big issue. To realize the concept of "make in India" of the government, heavy water is needed. Any factory cannot run without water, whereas factories can be considered as the biggest cause of water contamination & scarcity of water. The government also wants to construct 100 smart cities, which will require huge amounts of water. Due to our irresponsible behavior & lackluster approach, the river Yamuna has died. Hindon River has also gone to heaven. Ganga is also on the ventilator. Despite, the government is claiming to revive them. It appears that everything is being done on paper.

To reduce the losses caused by evaporation, to determine the water requirement for irrigation of land, to control evaporation, to ensure equal distribution of water in the fields, to make changes in irrigation methods, by adopting drip irrigation method, by the process of plantations, water harvesting etc. can change the gloomy scenario.  

Water management should be our biggest priority today, but we still do not understand its importance. There is also a need to reduce water usage by implementing water conservation or adopting water-efficiency measures. The measure of water conservation is an action, which can be successful by making changes in habits and becoming responsible. We will have to accept that without water our existence is not possible.

Yes, by drinking contaminated water, we can stay alive, but our age will be lesser. We will be suffering from various diseases. Contaminated water also affects the quality of crops. Therefore, for farming too, there should be clean water. In contaminated water there are millions of insecticides, which are obviously injurious to health. However, by boiling contaminated water, using candle water filter, by chlorination, adopting native methods, using helion tablet, RO system & UV radiation system etc., it can be purified. Nonetheless, due to lack of education and sans information about these processes, only a few people can clean the water.

Even if there is a difference in the availability of water or drinking water in the data of various agencies, it is certain that both the contaminated water and decreasing volume of water are a serious problem in the present time, for which the government has been trying to bring various solutions, but it is our responsibility too. If we don't change our mentality and habits, we will themselves be responsible for our death.

About the author: Satish Singh is currently working as Chief Manager in State Bank of India's Economic Research Department, Corporate Centre, Mumbai, and has been writing mainly on financial and banking topics for the last 10 years.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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