There can be only one or two literate people in an interior village. So who will teach the children in the village? If there is a school in a remote area without any qualified teacher then it is of no use. In such cases students who want to educate themselves have to attend town schools far away from their homes.
Other problems that we face in educating deprived students are:
Some leave school early
Some are low achievers.
Some are frustrated in schools.
Some have behavior problem.
Some find school does not relevant to their life style.
They are least interested in schooling.
There are discrimination between the upper class and lower class students –caste bar. Teachers also play the role of villain.
There are language problem among some students of low profile.
Quality and quantity of teachers are very poor.
There is scope to increase the reformation of education level for the under privileged students. We have to modify our outlook as we invest more money for a high school but not too much investment is made for a primary school in a village. We forget that if the root is not strong how can a tree grow up?
If the policies are reversed, the students will be benefited. Many third world nations have sought other solutions to provide education to the underprivileged children especially in rural and remote areas. The usual policies may be one of the following :
a) Ruralize the school curriculum.
b) Develop special types of rural schools such as community school, agriculture school, vocational training school etc.
Making available qualified teachers in small rural schools could be a problem for any education ministry. There are only one or two teachers in school & they might not be the best qualified or trained. When I went to Odisha for organizing a workshop with our team, I met a qualified Principal & a dedicated secretary with a well maintained school & hostel but to my surprise most of the teachers were not able to grasp the training.
Thus, these type of schools will not be able to produce a well qualified students as the quality of school teachers is directly related to the quality of education catered by the schools. Hence a few qualified outsiders should be induced to stay on.
It is my suggestion to the Govt. to take necessary action in this regard after carrying out a proper survey with a team in remote areas and regular visit to a distant villages. Teachers should be trained by organizing workshops, by arranging community level partnerships with panchayats, accelerating the learning techniques & implementing them at pre-schools.
Our poor society needs extensive research to locate key problems in the way of education for underprivileged children and research's outcome will help in formulating our national education policies. At the same time research outcome can also focus on the hurdles that our Govt. may face while bringing changes at the grass root level.
(About the Author: Archana Mukhochakra is academic head of Bachpan, a play school in Jharkhand's Ranchi district. She is also a writer and a poet)