The nutrients that are important for a lactating mother are iron, calcium, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals. During post pregnancy the chances of decrease in hemoglobin levels can be seen and during pregnancy there are chances of hemo dilution, so to avoid all this the supplements of iron should be taken and a hemoglobin check should be maintained to avoid the chances of anemia to the mother. About 9 to 10 mg extra iron supplement should be maintained.
The next nutrient that's essential for lactating woman's is calcium. Calcium is essential for muscle growth and bone health. The mother should maintain a calcium level of 1300mg. Dairy products are a good source of calcium. The other sources of calcium are sesame seeds, ragi and green leafy vegetables.
Fats are also essential for breast milk, so a mother's diet should include 45 gm of fat, but it should be the right kind of fat such as omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids. The best source of such kind of fat is fish and olive oil.
Vitamins and mineral level in the breast milk can be affected by the length of lactation, so proper amount of minerals and vitamins should be included in the diet. All the whole grains, pulses, cereals and colourful fruits and vegetables are the best source of vitamins and minerals.
The lactating mother who is also looking for weight loss after pregnancy should not rush for a low calorie diet, and should not have a immediate weight loss plans. At least for two to three months the lactating mother should completely nurture her baby, and then for a further six months of lactating period, when the infant's health and nutrition should be taken care of, the mother should ensure proper nutrition, reported Indiainteracts.
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