Education is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills and values from one generation to another. It could through a formal educational setup, by mere observance or via quasi formal or non formal means.
EDUCATION, IN its widest sense, indicates ways in which people learn skills and gain knowledge, information and understanding. It can be divided into various ways of learning namely - formal, informal and non-formal or quasi formal.
Formal education refers to instruction given in formalised structures like schools and day care centres. In many nations, people enter a system of formal education during their early childhood. In this form of education, the people in charge of a school decide what is to be taught and children then study those things under the direction of teachers.
Learners are expected to come to school regularly and punctually, work at the same speed as their classmates and to give tests to show how well they have learned and progressed. At the end of the year, successful students move up to the next level--that is, to the next standard, class or grade. In the end, they may earn a diploma, a certificate or degree as a mark of their success over the years.
Informal education, on the other hand, involves people learning while they go about their daily lives. For example, young children learn new words simply by hearing others speak and by trying to speak themselves. In the same manner, they learn to dress themselves, eat with civil manners, ride a car, make a telephone call or operate a computer or a television set.
When people try to find out information or to gain skills on their own initiative without a teacher, this is also a part of informal education. For this, they may visit a book shop, library, village, cinema or museum. They may watch a television show or a videotape or listen to a radio programme. They do not have to pass tests. There are many other ways to learn such education like on the job learning.
Non-formal education belongs somewhere between the formal and informal types. As in formal education, people using non-formal methods adopt planned and organised camps. But the education procedures are less tightly controlled than those of formal systems of schooling.
For example, in countries whose populations have included many people who could neither read nor write, a popular non-and formal approach to literacy has been the each-one-teach-one and each one reach one methods. With this method, educational leaders first prepare simple reading materials, then ask each individual who already can read to teach just one illiterate person to read the materials. After the illiterate person has mastered the skill of simple reading, he or she must then teach one other illiterate person. By this approach, thousands of people have learned to read in nations like China, Mexico, Cuba, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India.
India's current education system follows the European and especially British models introduced in the late 1700's and 1800's. During the period of British rule, the education system sought to produce able officials and therefore concentrated on teaching languages and numeric skills. An educational elite (top class) emerged, drawn mainly from the highest classes of Indian society.
The process of education has some objectives and goals. These include:
to make person well adjusted and adapted with existing values and expectations.
to develop him/her morally high so that he /she can acquire more capacities to mould their self when needed
to give technical and advanced education.
to make attitudes and ideas more rational and logical, so that person can learn self control.
The main problem with Indian education is the low figures of school retention, especially in rural areas. There are fewer schools and have lower attendance figures. Throughout India, schools are overcrowded in cities. Neither the quality of education in the country nor schooling systems are up to satisfaction. The state of higher education is even worse, due to corruptive policies of authorities.