THE CHAKMA boys and girls in 1980 did not have facilities for hostel accommodation. While seeking admission in schools they were often harassed and assaulted. No care and attention was paid either by the school authorities or by the administration to cater to the needs and grievances of the Chakma students. They were also not allowed to take part in any kind of literary activities, games and sports.
1. Hardly 400 families in Deori village in Changlang District have a well-equipped High School whereas 50,000 Chakmas and Hajongs do not deserve the same.
2. Hardly 150 families of Singpho Community have well-equipped Higher Secondary School at Innao, Changlang District whereas 800 Chakma families of Udaipur and Modoi villages do not have a single Primary School.
3. Further, a Secondary School for hardly 150 families Singphos at Bat Camp in Changlang District whereas there is not a Primary school for 400 families at Golakpur and Milanpur Chakma Area.
The condition become worse in 1994, the Government of Arunachal Pradesh burnt; closed down Schools of the Chakma inhabited areas in 1994 vide Order No. CS/HME/94 dated 21/11/94. Teachers were withdrawn and transferred to other schools of the State. Chakma Children were denied admission in others schools of Arunachal Pradesh outside Chakma Area.
At Chakma Basti of Chowngkham, Lohit District, the only primary School serving 900 families was abrubtly closed down, and its teachers were transferred to other schools of the State. Also the Chakma Students studying at Chowngkham Government schools and Namsai Government Higher Secondary School were arbitrarily expelled from these institutions.
In the District of Changlang , more violent means were employed in order to deprive the Chakmas and Hajongs of their right to education. The Diyun Secondary School, a school constructed by the Chakmas themselves on a self-help basis, was burnt to ashes in Nov. 1994.
The Bijoypur Middle School too was constructed by the Chakmas through contributions and labour by the local community, was closed and locked up by the State authorities. A glance on Condition of the schools in the Chakma areas since 1994: (SEE ANNEXURE I)
On 12 and 28 October 1995, the CCRCAP approached the NHRC again for protection of lives and liberties of the Chakmas and Hajongs in view of the deadline and support extended to the AAPSU by the State Government. On October 29, 1995 the NHRC recorded a Prima facie conclusion that the officers of Arunachal Pradesh were acting in coordination with the AAPSU with a view to expel the Chakmas from the State of Arunachal Pradesh. The NHRC, then headed by Justice Ranganath Mishra approached the Supreme Court to seek appropriate relief.
On 9 January 1996, the Supreme Court gave its judgment in the case of NHRC Vs State of Arunachal Pradesh, issuing the following orders:
1. The first respondent, the State of Arunachal Pradesh, shall ensure that the life and personal liberty of each and every Chakma residing within the State shall be protected and any attempt to forcibly evict or drive them out of the State by organized groups, such as the AAPSU, shall be repelled, if necessary by requisitioning the service of Para-military or police force, and if additional forces are considered necessary to carry out this direction, the first respondent will request the second respondent, the Union of India, to provide such additional force, and the second respondent shall provide such additional force as is necessary to protect the lives and liberties of the Chakmas.
2. except in accordance with law, the Chakmas shall not be evicted from their homes and shall not be denied domestic life and comfort therein.
3. the quit notices and ultimatums issued by he AAPSU and any other group which tantamount to threats to the life and liberty of each and every Chakma should be dealt with by the first respondent in accordance with law.
4. The application made for registration as citizen of India by Chakma or Chakmas u/s 5 of Act, shall be entered in the register maintained for the purpose and shall be forwarded by the Collector or the Deputy Commissioner who receives them under the relevant rule, with or without enquiry, as the case may be, to the Central Government for its consideration in accordance with law; even returned applications shall be called back or fresh ones shall be obtained from the concerned persons and shall be processed and forwarded to the Central Government for consideration.
5. While the application of any individual Chakma is pending consideration, the first respondent shall not evict or remove the concern from his occupation on the ground that he is not a citizen of India until the competent authority has taken a decision in that behalf.
Non-implementation of the above judgement:
In spite of an unambiguous directions of the Supreme Court to the District Collectors to forward the Citizenship applications of the Chakams and Hajongs, none of them could apply for their Citizenship due to all pervading fear created by the State Govt. of Aruanchal Pradesh and AAPSU.
On 4th May 1998, 27 Chakmas went to submit the Citizenship applications to the Deputy Commissioner of Changlang District. However, the Deputy Commissioner of Changlang, Mr. Y.D. Tangchi refused to accept the applications. Therefore, the Chakmas and Hajongs had to submit the applications directly to the Union Home Ministry.
As a result, some of the Chakmas and Hajongs submitted applications directly to the central government on 18th February 1997 and 19th June 1997 through CCRCAP. 4000 citizenship applications have been submitted to the Ministry of Home Affairs. And the Union Home Ministry forwarded these Citizenship applications to the District Collectors for necessary verification.
It has been learnt that the state government of Arunachal Pradesh about 200 citizenship applications after necessary verifications. Till today, not a single application has been processed by the central Government.
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