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Electronic Voting Machines vs Touch Screen Voting Machines
Touch screen voting machines will be useful for conducting free and fair polls on single day and in single phase for general elections. Presently voting is being conducted by using Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) in multiple phases staggered over more than two months period.

Rigging and impersonate voting is possible with electronic voting machines. If touch screen voting machines are used then there will be absolutely no scope for rigging, impersonate voting and all other malpractices in voting process. 

Let's see how Touch Screen Voting Machines (TSVM) are different from Electronic Voting Machines (EVM)?

1) EVMs do not recognise voters' identity when they cast their votes. But TSVMs will recognise voter's identity and do not register his/her vote for second time. It does not register a person's vote even for first time if he/she does not belong to that constituency.

2) By using EVMs, polling for various elections is being conducted in multiple phases with staggered poll schedule. However, by using TSVMs polling can be conducted for general elections on single day and in single phase.

3) EVMs do register votes digitally TSVMs will register votes both digitally and by printing the symbol on the scroll.

4) A person can vote through EVMs only in the particular polling booth where his/her vote is registered. TSVMs can enable the voter to cast his/her vote in any polling booth of the voter's constituency.

5) Every voter will have to take indelible on mark on his/her forefinger before casting his/her vote through EVS. There is no need to take ink marks on forefinger if polling is conducted by using TSVM.

6) Polling official will have to take sign/thumb impression from voters before they cast their votes on EVMs. There will be no necessity for voters to sign before casting their votes on TSVMs.

7) The contesting candidates have to distribute voter slips to voters in the present voting system and voters need to take voter slips to the polling booths. If TSVMs are introduced then there would be no need to distribute voter slips and voters can straight away go to any polling booth of a constituency to cast votes without bothering about voter slips.

8) In EVM system huge government machinery is being required for conducting elections with high expenditure cost. In TSVM system minimum government machinery would be required for conducting elections with low expenditure cost.

9) Average time required for a person to cast his/her vote on EVM is very high when compared to voting on TSVM. A voter can cast his/her vote on TSVM in no time and there will be no queues before polling booths.

10) Counting of votes and declaration of results do take more than 5 hours time with EVMs. With the usage of TSVMs counting of votes will be over within one hour on the same day after polling is over. By using TSVMs polling, counting and declaration of results for all constituencies can be completed on the same day of the polling.

11) While polling is on with EVMs the voting figures according to constituency wise, state wise, nationwide and gender wise will trickle down very slowly and final exact figures will be known very late at the end of the polling. If the TSVMs are used exact voting figures according to constituency wise, state wise, nationwide and gender wise can be known at every minute or even at every second.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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