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Exploring reasons for enhanced campus violence and aggression
If one goes by the media reports, aggressive and violent behaviour in educational institutions is on the rise both at school and college level. Besides cut throat competition and persistent inequalities, intolerance has also increased.

The researches have now given fairly valid evidence that aggression is not innate trait of human beings but a reaction to the lack of the provisions for constitutive experiences. The basic urge of human beings is to learn, succeed and be loved. When this does not happen, students often take to violence and destruction.

Aggression is expressed in many forms like violence, cruelty, foul mouthing, assaults, destruction, and killings. Aggression may be directed on others or oneself. When the aggression is on one's own self; it takes the form of suicide, asceticism and self-mutilation.

Aggression arises when one's most basic needs of safety and self-esteem are not met with. Many educators now strongly feel that aggression breeds in our social institutions like schools and colleges due the following unchallenged and un-analysed practices.

• Competitions in educational activities and normative evaluation
• Competitive struggle for wealth and material acquisition
• High expectations and unrealistic goals
• Social and gender inequity

The upsurge in the incidents of violence in schools indicates that all is not well with the learning environment. The shoot outs in various schools in India stand as a testimony.

When the sociological foundation of the school is weak, both the teacher behaviour and the student behaviour deteriorate leading to inter-personal conflicts. Thus, there is a need to restore the school and classroom environment conducive to the development of pro-social skills of mutual concern, cooperation, caring and sharing.

Schools and colleges need to become social institutions conducive to learning and, for this, the learning environment in schools needs to be planned, structured and mobilised so that the schools become an extended larger family of teachers and students. Both teachers and students together creating a social environment conducive to learning is a complex task and requires hard work on the part of all school personnel.

As long as the educational institutions are riddled with competition, social biases and hierarchical administrative structures, they will keep on breeding aggression. There are quite a few sensitive educators and social scientists that go to the extent of suggesting de-schooling of society and dub the present classroom practices as hoax.

There is a need to run the educational institutions with participatory management practices and cooperative instructional methods.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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