ADHD is characterized by three problems, namely inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness, but the child may not exhibit all the three behaviors. This disorder affects almost eight to ten percent of the school going kids, and is three times more common in boys than girls.
Shifting from one mind set to another
Organization of task
Regulating speech and movements appropriately
The ADHD symptoms are related to behavior, they don't exhibit any physical symptoms. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health, 4th ed. (DSM-IV), copyright 1994, American Psychiatric Association, has specified that if the symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity last for more than six months then it can be diagnosed as ADHD. The symptoms of the three behaviors in detail are discussed below.
Inattention – fails to pay attention during studies and does careless mistakes in day to day activities. They are always distracted and fail to sustain their attention in doing a particular work. Dislikes tasks that need attention. Gets easily distracted with little of disturbance.
Hyperactivity – can't sit at a place for more time, where remaining seated is expected (e.g. In classroom). They mostly run and climb at inappropriate situations. Likes to talk excessively.
Impulsiveness – they comes up with there answer before the question is completed. Faces difficulty to wait for there turn and often interrupts other to get there work done.
There are no specific ADHD tests, it requires a medical diagnosis from your physician, a psychiatrist may be helpful. The psychiatrist will try to collect different kinds of information from you such ashistory about the symptoms, the time of its appearance, the medical history of the individual, past psychiatric history of the patient, difficulties faced by the individuals during his academics, mental and physical health of the parents and about the environment where the patient is staying, reported the website netdoctor.
The ADHD medications involve stimulants such as methylphenidate (retalin) and dexamfethamin (dexidrine). Retalin helps to reduce hyperactivity and impulsivness and focuses on increasing the attention of the child. The child shows better improvement but there are many side effects associated with this drug, as per emedicinehealth.