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Five international observances of March 21: Know themes and messages
Besides the Indian festival of colors, Holi, five more international observances, namely International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, World Poetry Day, International Day of Nowruz, World Down Syndrome Day and International Day of Forests were held in India and across the world on March 21 which have been established by the United Nations.

The message for International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, observed with was 'Mitigating and countering rising nationalist populism and extreme supremacist ideologies' by E Tendayi Achiume, in her recent report condemned nationalist populism that advanced exclusionary or repressive practices and policies that harm individuals or groups on the basis of their race, ethnicity, national origin and religion, or other related social categories.

According to UNESCO, the main objective of the  World Poetry Days 'to support linguistic diversity through poetic expression and to offer endangered languages the opportunity to be heard within their communities' and 'to encourage a return to the oral tradition of poetry recitals, to promote the teaching of poetry, to restore a dialogue between poetry and the other arts such as theatre, dance, music and painting, and to support small publishers and create an attractive image of poetry in the media, so that the art of poetry will no longer be considered an outdated form of art, but one which enables society as a whole to regain and assert its identity'.

UN Secretary-General's Message Antonio Guterres on International Day of Nowruz is celebrated went like this: "For more than 300 million people across the world, Nowruz is about new beginnings: the arrival of a new year; the first day of spring; the renewal of nature. For all of us, it is a chance to reaffirm our commitment to peace, human rights and human dignity; to fostering dialogue and mutual respect; to protecting the planet and building a future that leaves no one behind."

The UN agencies celebrated the World Down Syndrome Day saying that the condition is a naturally occurring chromosomal arrangement that has always been a part of the human condition, exists in all regions across the globe and commonly results in variable effects on learning styles, physical characteristics or health which require adequate access to health care, to early intervention programmes and to inclusive education, as well as appropriate research, are vital to the growth and development of the individual.

On International Day of Forests United Nations urged the world community to raise awareness of the importance of all types of forests and promotes education to 'Learn to Love Forests' which underscores the importance of education at all levels in achieving sustainable forest management and biodiversity conservation. Healthy forests mean healthy, resilient communities and prosperous economies.

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