Nowadays everyone is using fluoride toothpastes and mouthwash to prevent cavities, and also fluoridated water for drinking. But, we are unaware of the risk that fluoride exposure can lead to serious health conditions like bone cancer.
Bone cancer is a very rare kind of cancer, it can be of two types primary and secondary. Primary bone cancer starts in the bone itself, whereas secondary bone cancer originates somewhere in the body and gradually affects the bone. The types of primary bone cancer are Osteosarcoma, Chondrosarcoma and The Ewing Sarcoma family of tumors (ESFTs).
The cause of bone cancer is not yet defined clearly, but researchers have identified different risk factors for bone cancer. Osteosarcoma is more common in people who are exposed to radiation therapy or have been using certain anti-cancer drugs. Children are more susceptible to bone cancer than adults.
The characteristic symptom of bone cancer is pain in the affected area, but it is not common for all types of bone cancers. The symptoms of bone cancer become severe with time depending on the growth of the tumor. If the tumor compresses the surrounding nerves then it can cause symptoms such as fever, chills, weight loss and night sweat, but these are a less common symptoms of bone cancer.
The treatment of bone cancer depends on the type of bone cancer, aggressiveness of the cancer and location of the cancer. The different types of bone cancer treatments are surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. These treatments can be used in combination or individually depending on the severity of the tumor. The most common treatment for bone cancer is surgery, which helps to remove the entire tumor.
The medications used for bone cancer are followed according to a regimen called VIDE which includes Vincristine, Ifosfamide, Doxorubicin and Etoposide. It is usually an eighteen-week course, and is often followed with a surgery.