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Google celebrates Dr Rukhmabai Raut's 153rd birth anniversary with a portrait doodle
Internet search engine giant Google honoured India's first practicing female doctor Dr Rukhmabai Raut during the British rule on her 153rd birthday on Novembe 22 with a colourful portrait doodle.

As a social reform activist, she fought the legal case against child marriage that led to the landmark Age of Consent Act of 1891.

The portrait is almost at the centre of the doodle – second 'O' of the logo – shows portrait of Rukhmabai with a stethoscope around her neck. In the background, the hospital beds with women patients and nurses looking after them have been shown.

Rukhmabai Raut was born in Bombay on November 22, 1864. She was a child bride who was married off at the age of 11, to Dadaji Bhikaji, 19. She fought legal battle to get separated and perused a course in medicine. Child marriage was a common practice among Indians then. After retirement, she became an active social reformer until her death at the age of 91.

When her husband Dadaji and his family asked Rukhmabai to move to his home, she refused and was supported in her choice by her stepfather. This led to a long series of court cases from 1884 till the case was decided in her favour.

Her court cases led to heated public discussions on child marriage and rights of women. Her activism led to a resolve by her to study medicine. Her supporters created a fund to support her travel and study in England at the London School of Medicine and return to India. She became first female doctor in India and worked in a women's hospital in Rajkot.

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