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Google celebrates Rosalind Franklin's 93rd birthday with a doodle
Rosalind Franklin was a pioneer microbiologist; she was a British biophysicist and x-ray crystallographer, and has contributed a lot to understand the molecular structure of DNA. Today, on her 93rd birthday, Google is honouring Franklin with a doodle that contains an image of her and a DNA strand.

Franklin was born in Notting Hill, London on 25 July 1920, and was the second child of her parents, who belonged to an affluent and influential British Jewish family. She was brilliant from her early childhood, and was exceptionally good at her academic abilities. She studied chemistry in Cambridge and worked as a research associate at King's College London in the Medical Research Council's (MRC) Biophysics Unit under Maurice Wilkins, reported Zee news.

She did an exceptional job in finding X-ray diffraction images of DNA which resulted in the discovery of DNA double helix. Her model on DNA helped other scientists to understand how the DNA helps in transferring the genetic information from one generation to the other and also in cell metabolism. Her work has helped medical sciences to make a lot of progress.

Apart from this, she also has worked on molecular structures of RNA, virus, coal and graphite. She has done a fruitful work on tobacco mosaic virus and polio virus. In 1956, a lump was detected in her abdomen, and she was found suffering from ovarian cancer. She was not at all discouraged after knowing about her health and continued to work with her group. She submitted several papers on polio virus after this.

But at the end of 1957, she was severely ill and was admitted to a hospital. She struggled a lot and died on 16 April 1958 in London. It is said that over exposure to X-rays might be the possible factor behind her illness. After death various controversies surrounding her life came into light.

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