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Google honours noted Soviet physicist Lev Landau on his 111th Birthday with sketch doodle
Internet search engine and technology giant Google has honoured Soviet physicist on his 111th birthday with a sketch doodle. The homepage of Google, in the sketch doodle, replaces the first 'O' with the sketch of the scientist while the second 'O' is replaced with a visual symbol or diagram to represent his finding.

"Born in Baku, Azerbaijan, on this day in 1908, Lev Davidovich Landau was a Soviet theoretical physicist who won the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his research into liquid helium's behaviour at extremely low temperatures," writes Google on its website while wishing "Happy Birthday, Lev Landau!"

According to Google, Lev's  wide-ranging research has linked his name to many concepts that he was first to describe including: Landau Levels, which are the focus of today's Doodle, Landau diamagnetism, Landau damping, and the Landau energy spectrum. Further, his legacy is also kept alive by the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow?and there is even a crater on the moon named after him!

Some other information on the website about Lev Landau is as follows.

 -Lev was brilliant at math and science at school level and was described as a "quiet, shy boy" who struggled in relating to his classmates. Having completed his studies by age 13, Landau was ready to start college long before his peers.

-He was enrolled in the Physics Department of Leningrad University, his first publication, On the Theory of the Spectra of Diatomic Molecules, was already in print when he was just 18-years-old.

-He completed his PhD at age 21 and earned a Rockefeller fellowship and a Soviet stipend which allowed him to visit research facilities in Zurich, Cambridge, and Copenhagen, where he had the opportunity to study with Nobel Laureate Niels Bohr. Renowned for his work in quantum theory, Bohr had a profound impact on the young physicist.

-He was elected to the U.S.S.R.'s Academy of Sciences in 1946. Ladau also received the Lenin Science Prize for his monumental Course of Theoretical Physics?a ten-volume study co-written with his student Evgeny Lifshitz.

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