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Govt fails in anti-Naxalism operation in Orissa
In 1975, after the emergency, the Naxalites formed another group under the leadership of Shri Kondapalli Sitaramaiya called CPIML People's War Group. By this group, no work was done in democratic way and shown no faith in governmental system.
IT IS said that Naxalisim is one of the organisation of aggressive communists. In the other words, is also called Communist Party of India (Maoist). After India’s independence in 1947, the communist extremist movement couldn’t get velocity. This form the beginning and they had started committing violence using arms. Naxalites adopted the way of armed violence revolutionary activities from villages in the year 1967 against exploitation done by the zamindars and rich men upon particular section of the society.

In 1975, after the emergency, the Naxalites formed another group under the leadership of Shri Kondapalli Sitaramaiya called CPIML People's War Group (PWG). By this group, no work was done in democratic way and shown no faith in governmental system. The group also took unemployment, economically backward areas as medium for the publicity. For this work, the organisation divided in areas and accordingly to the area Dalam emerged. PWG chief Shri Sitaramaiya has added the slogan of independent dandakaranya, in his slogan. The PWG organisation declared to include Gargacharoli of Maharastra, Mahabubnagar, Kari Nagar, Adilabad, Warrengle of Andhra Pradesh, undivided Koraput, Kalahandi, Sambalpur, Gajapati, Ganjam, Mayurbhanj of Orissa, Balaghat and Jabalpur of Madhya Pradesh in independent dandakaranya. The main residents of these areas are tribals, small farmers and labours. With their aim to form independent dandakaranya, they extended their activities.

During mid 1990’s, the Naxal movement (Left wing extremism) spilled over Orissa from neighbouring state like Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh and Jharkhand region. Now the Naxal activites have enlarged in nine predominantly tribal district of Orissa like, undivided Koraput, Gajapati and Ganjam abutting the Andhra Pradesh and Sundargarh, Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar districts adjacent to Jharkhand. While above nine district remains the Naxal stronghold, the movement has also grown stronger in different parts of sambalpur, Kalahandi, Bolangir, Phulbani, Deogarh, Jharsuguda and Anugul.

However, Naxal threats like abduction and information of guerilla squad are cropped up in other district too. Most recently the incident came to light when Naxal have abducted 18 labours from Pudamal and Phulkusum villages of Sambalpur early this year. Similarly the news headlines like, 'A day after Maoists shot dead a trader-cum-contractor in Malkangiri', 'Maoist plot to disrupt polling busted', 'Suspected Maoists gun down RSS leader at Phulabni', 'Maoists behead CITU leader, put up poster at Rourkela', 'Maoists raze outpost, torch BSNL tower at Malkangiri', 'Maoists kill village headman at Rourkela'; in the beginning of this year made Naxals stronger. The Naxals have been able to make an impressive in-roads into the newer areas particularly, after the emerge of PWG and MCC (Maoist Communist Centre).

 
In February, the Naxalites masterminded a major land mine blast in the Badighat village in Malkangiri district, in which two police personnel were seriously injured in retaliation to thr killing of two Naxalites and rising of four cadres by state police. Similarly, in the late march the naxalites killed a police informer at his home near Rayagada, again on April 1. Congress president of Rayagada Stayanarayan Dobi became the victim of this growing ‘red terror’ when Naxalites looted and attacked his house with explosives. In another dare devils act, the Naxalites engineered a land mine blast to destroy the Sheshakhol Police outpost in Rayagada district. These are not only specific indications of violence but clear terror of Naxalism plan. The most violent act by Naxalites was on  April 13 of this year, when the red rebels attacked the Nalco Bauxite Mine at Koraput were they hosted about 100 of Nalco employees and killed tribal people in Koraput.
 
Succeed in calling bandh in different areas, Maoists strike in Nuapada on July 12 and now on 17th of this same month sub-inspector Ajit Barddhan and CRPF jawan were killed in rebel attack. It seams the government and the police on toes over rebel attack. Intensive combing operation is being made through out the season of Naxal attack but seamed in vain.

Government (Central and state) had failed to operate against the Naxalisim, which is agreed by the Union Home Minister P Chidambaram on Wednesday (July 15), on Rajya Sabha. Red rebels who raised their head since 1967, are now a days going violent day by day and come to that stage today that it is in everyone’s knowledge. About in 10 states and in more than 80 district of the country, Maoist, Naxalisim etc speeded the red rebels. Out of which Orissa is mostly affected. By the attacks of red rebels, life and wealth is lost in the country, which exhibit the weakness of security to the common men.

 
It is not negligible that the Central government had failed to stop the red rebels since last 40 years. To maintain the law and order is the foremost duty of state government and Central government avoids its mistake and due to which state has raised out of control of the government. Both the government (Central and state) points the responsibilities towards each other and try to get rid of their duties. Instead of planning for the anti-Naxalisim act they pull each other's leg. It seams the planning of the anti-Naxalisim act is limited only on pen and papers, when it will be implemented is a question mark for general public.

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