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Govt positive on Uniform Civil Code: But why everyone not ready to accept it?
BJP's Lok Sabha MP from UP's Gorakhpur, Yogi Adityanath on Tuesday asked his government whether there was any proposal to implement a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) across the country. Replying to his question Union law minister Ravi Shankar Prasad indicated positively.
Prasad said the provision of the UCC is already there in the Article 44 of the Constitution and the government would hold discussion with all the stakeholders before taking any step in the direction.

Meanwhile the Congress has already expressed its reservation against any futuristic move by the BJP-led government toward implementing UCC across the country. Senior Congress leader Manish Tewari said the government should not touch personal laws as India is a diverse country, where people follow their own personal laws which have been evolved through tradition.

After Hindus in the country, Muslims are the dominant population followed by other religions. Whereas Hindu community is largely in the favor of implementation of UCC, the Muslims largely have some reservations against the UCC. But why this disagreement, among the various stakeholders, despite the constitution having the provision for UCC? Why Muslim community do not favour UCC, while Hindus have no objection against it.

Maulana Yasoob Abbas, spokesperson for Shia Personal Law Board says, "In India there are people from different religions and this kind of law cannot be implemented over here. There should be a uniform law for the country, but the people should have freedom to practice their own religion. I am not against this law, but I am saying that as India is a secular country, so the government should form a law which does not hurt the emotions of people belonging to any religion."

Maulana Abdul Hameed Nomani, Secretary Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Hind, terms UCC as an unnatural and unpractical law. He says, "Implementation of Uniform Civil Code is not possible practically. It is unnatural and unpractical, and cannot be implemented in India as there are people from different religions and cultures and they have their own practices, so its not possible to implement it. This is just a show off by the government and I am 100 per cent against it."

Dr Mohammad Shafiq, a social science professor at New Delhi's Jamia Millia University expressed his reservations against the UCC. He said, "See any kind of the binding on religious system will be a curtailment of one's fundamental rights in a secular and democratic country. So I believe that, as India has declared itself to its commitment towards secularist nature and democratic nature, this kind of Uniform Civil binding will be an encroachment upon individual human rights, so that should not be there. It should be left to the will of the people. One's individual liberty should be patent, otherwise what would be the difference between Russia, China and India.

He also put focus on the repercussions of the law, "Repercussions of the law will be in the form of hostility and emotional imbalance of the general masses towards the government."

Whereas on the other side Dr. Surendra Jain, spokesperson for Vishva Hindu Parishad, a Hindutva outfit, congratulated the government for its move toward bring UCC in the country.

"We welcome this step, because according to the constitution of India, it has been said in our directive principles and the Supreme Court has said three times to form a Common Civil Code. So, for the future of our country, this step is very important. In every developed country of the world, there does not exists two laws for two different communities. I congratulate the government for moving forward. And I also request the Muslim community not to oppose this move and cooperate with the government in this matter, and help in moving the country towards development."

Echoing some similar sentiments, another Parishad's leader Dileep Khandewal, says, "Uniform Civil Code is a need, it will show the unity in our country. Now there is a division in laws for Muslims and Hindus. This law will increase the communal harmony in the country. There is only a small part of the community which is opposing it, and the Congress is one among them. If Congress had patriotic feelings towards the country, then Congress would have implemented it at the time of freedom itself, but they did not do it."

The term Uniform Civil Code is the debate to replace the personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each and every major religious community in the country, with a common set governing the community. And article 44 of the Directive Principles in India set the implementation of a uniform civil code throughout the country as duty of the State.

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