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Ground reality of AIDS in India
Every year on world Aids day we see pictures of people holding placards with slogans against the disease. Candle march is organised in major cities. Then by next day every thing is forgotten.

This disease carried and still carries stigma. It has been established that the rate of sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS has been far less than other means like infected syringes and blood transfusion. The AIDS control programme has been a success in India and India registered a 57 per cent decrease in new infections in the past decade.

The standard treatment of the disease currently uses a mixture of upto three drugs to contain the infection. Globally about 36.9 million people are living with HIV including 2.6 million children. An estimated 34 million people have died from HIV or AIDS, including 1.2 million in 2014. AIDS is the number one cause of death among adolescents in Africa.

In Indian case there is an alarming fact - India, China and Pakistan are among the 10 countries in the Asia-Pacific that account for 98% of youngsters aged 10 to 19 living with HIV. India is among the 10 countries in the region accounting for 98%of those aged 10 to 19 living with HIV.

In general, female sex workers in Asia and the Pacific are 29 times more likely to be living with HIV compared with all women of reproductive age. Those at highest risk include gay men and other men who have sex with men, transgender people, and injecting drug users, according to a Times of India report. 

The key ways to prevent HIV transmission includes safe sexual behaviours i.e. using condoms; get tested and treated for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV; avoid injecting drugs, use disposable needles and syringes; ensure that any blood or blood products that you might need are tested for HIV. 

Access to HIV testing and medicines should be dramatically accelerated in order to reach the goal of Ending AIDS by 2030.

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