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Gurugram becomes Haryana's first district to start pearl farming at commercial level
Gurugram-based engineer Vinod Yadav has set a new example by cultivating pearls in his backyard, informed an official on Monday.

Yadav, who hails from Jamalpur village on Pataudi road in Haryana's Gurugram district is earning Rs 4 lakh a year by farming pearls in his 20x20 feet pond.

Vinay Pratap Singh, Deputy Commissioner Gurugram said that Yadav along with his uncle Suresh Kumar had visited the District Fisheries Department in 2016 to obtain some information.

He had a small plot of 20x20 feet which was unviable for fish farming. "In such a situation, District Fisheries Officer Dharmendra Singh guided him to cultivate pearls and sent Yadav to the Central Institute of Fresh Water Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar for a one-month training in pearl culture," said Vinay Pratap Singh.

Today Yadav cultivates pearls on almost one bigha of land (one-fifth of an acre).

According to Dharmendra Singh Gurugram is the first district of Haryana to start pearl farming at commercial level.

"Due to the good results, other districts are also working in this direction. A 50 per cent subsidy is also given to farmers cultivating pearls by the Fisheries Department," Dharmendra Singh told IANS.

Basic infrastructure for pearl cultivation can be set up at a cost of around Rs 40,000 with each session of cultivation taking 8 to 10 months.

According to the officer, although natural pearls are formed by nature, cultured pearls are human creations formed by planting a tissue graft from a donor oyster, after which a pearl sac forms and precipitation of calcium carbonate in the form of nacre or "mother-of-pearl" takes place inside the oyster.

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