The thermal units of Haryana has been backed down to pave way for the power purchase. The performance of Haryana thermal units is below par for the last six months as per latest report of Central Electricity Authority (CEA).
The capacity utilisation (Plant load factor) of Haryana
State thermal plants is hovering around 50% against the schedule of about 72% as state government has increased its dependence on power purchase. As per CEA report the plant load factor of Haryana’s thermal units in August was 50.78% against the schedule of 71.46%.It was 42.1% in July ,52.55 % in June and 46.5%in April this year. State power generating units were being shut down to enable private sector projects to run at full capacity and earn maximum profits at the cost of State Discoms. Haryana units are running at 50% PLF while Mundra units of Adani Power located in Gujarat are running at 87% PLF.
Haryana has made long term power purchase arrangement for supply of of 1424 MW with Adani .The three 660 MW units of Adani’s project at Mundra has been earmarked for Haryana. To facilitate the continuous supply from Mundra state has to back down its own thermal units. The number of thermal units closed on no demand goes up to 8 at most of times. With 1424 MW power from the Adani station at Mundra Gujarat
being delivered at Mohindergarh grid sub station located near Bhiwani the surplus power of State would get surrendered to Northern grid at a low rate which would not even cover the coal cost, This rate could be in range of 100 p/unit to nil p/unit depending on the grid frequency.
The justification given by Haryana government for long term power purchase agreement is reasonable cost of power purchase.The average power purchase cost is around Rs. 3 per unit .But the recent recommendation of Deepak Parikh Committee to allow increase of cost of power by 60 paise per unit is a warning bell for Haryana Government .If CERC accepts the recommendation of committee the tariff will rise further..Haryana has ,however contested the recommendations of committee and final decision is awaited.
It may be mentioned that as per CEA report the generation cost at 1200 MW Khedar units is Rs.2.95 paise per unit. At 600 MW Yamuna Nagar thermal it is Rs.3.21 paise per unit and at 1360 MW Panipat thermal it is Rs. 3.37 per unit. In case of backing down of thermal units to accommodate power purchase the fixed charges are going to be burden the consumers The domestic tariff .including fuel surcharge and other duties as already crossed Rs. 7 per unit.
Padamjit Singh Chairman AIPEF said that the decision to purchase power from private producer may be politically correct for the election year. This year power purchase in state is about Rs.8800 crore and next year ‘s schedule is for Rs.10550 crore.
The state is depending more on power purchases from private parties than to go for capacity addition in state sector. The power purchase worth thousands of crore are being made every year as the politicians and bureaucrats at the helm of power utilities can make easy money without any direct involvement.