The Higgs boson is the signature particle of a theory published by six physicists within a few months of each other in 1964. Under the rolling hills on the French- Swiss border near Geneva, the biggest machine ever built is preparing for a new make-or-break time for the scientists at Cern and the existence of Higgs Boson particle will confirm that Einstein was all along correct.
Physicists say that were it not for the Higgs boson, the universe could not have the structure and form it has today. Physicists say that their job is to give the particles that make up atoms their mass. Without this mass, these particles would zip though the cosmos at the speed of light, unable to bind together to form the atoms that make up everything in the universe, from planets to people.
Scientists at Cern are expected to announce on Wednesday, July 4, that Higgs boson particle has been discovered. The Higgs boson has a fleetingly short lifespan and decays into various other subatomic particles. It belongs to a family of particles named after the 20th-century Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose, and was predicted to exist by British physicist Peter Higgs 48 years ago. Peter Higgs, the Edinburgh University emeritus professor of physics that the particle is named after, is among those who have been called to the press conference in Switzerland. Fermilab scientists plan to deliver their final Higgs search results at last. If the physicists’ theory is correct, a few Higgs bosons should be created in every trillion collisions, before rapidly decaying. Leading physicists have been invited to event - sparking speculation that Higgs Boson particle has been found.
The collider, housed in an 18-mile tunnel buried deep underground near the French-Swiss border, smashes beams of protons – sub-atomic particles – together at close to the speed of light, recreating the conditions that existed a fraction of a second after the Big Bang. The Higgs boson is the last missing ingredient of an elegant theory of physics called the Standard Model that explains all the subatomic particles and forces in nature except gravity. In 2011, CERN teams had examined data corresponding to over 400 trillion proton-proton collisions in their giant subatomic particle accelerator, called the Large Hadron Collider.
Since December, the reservoir of data analysed has doubled to more than 800 trillion collisions.In December 2011, the scientists had reported signals suggesting a Higgs boson, about 125 times the mass of a proton. Aleandro Nisati, an Italian physicist is involved in the search for the Higgs boson at CERN. Confirming the existence of the so-called God particle would confirm how elementary particles acquire mass, and would be the most coveted prize in physics. Rolf-Dieter Heuer, the director-general at CERN laboratory, has instructed his scientists to confirm or rule out the existence of a Higgs boson before the end of this year.This is only a beginning of the process.
The most popular citizen journalists' reports on merinews chosen automatically on the basis of views and comments
View more jobs