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Higher Education: How the dream will become a reality
With the existing education system in India, we are not getting back the pass out students with 'value of education' as we are teaching 'value education'. Here is the basic difference between teaching and learning. For example, we teaching the traffic rules but the students are not learning as is evident from the number of accidents and deaths taking place on the roads. We are not producing the skilled and valued based student.

The quality education could only be possible if we have best infrastructure including the teaching faculty in proper ratio.

We have good teaching process but our students are lacking in learning process.

We are not teaching Gita in its real sense to adopt the best of it in life but cramming the students. Another example is that right from the primary education, we have been told that "Cleanliness is next to Godliness', but practically even after 69 years of independence, our Prime Minister has to float the idea of Swachh Bharat after visiting the neat and clean cities during his visit to foreign lands.

We are not doing it intentionally rather we can say, we have not been able to set our education system to differentiate between Rich and Poor with its real meanings of commenting and complimenting the child, who is learning at 360 degree all the time in this high-tech era and to know the ground realities, the relationship between teacher and student is necessary.

Every child of the country has the desire to get higher qualification in this competitive era, but irony is that one-third of the students at the primary level don't get a chance to reach up to higher education level. And only those who can afford to bear the high expenses at the engineering, medical and professional level education, are able to join the higher education.

In a country like India, which is still in the developing mode, it becomes its moral responsibility to provide equal education to all, at all levels by making available the required sources.

No doubt, the Central government has introduced various education schemes at primary, high and higher secondary level besides launching the mid-day meal facility to curb the drop-outs but still the golden results are not available.

Since the independence of India, we have not been able to set the primary and high level education. Usually, the child was put in the school at the age of five and high school education was followed with FA, FSc, Prep and this too was replaced with Higher Secondary and now Plus One and Plus Two before joining the graduation.

The idea behind introducing the Plus classes was to impart the child more basic qualitative education and producing the pass-outs late for the market in view of high rate of youths already in queue for employment and seeking the opportunities for the livelihood. It is now expected that Plus Three or Graduation of four will be introduced to reduce the pressure of employment.

In the first education policy, it was decided that 6 per cent of the total revenue generated, should be earmarked for education but this target has not been fulfilled so far and has been decreasing and increasing from time to time. For the last many decades, it has been between 10-11 per cent of the government budget whereas for defense purposes, it has crossed even 20 per cent.

Recently, the creation of a Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) to finance educational institutions to ensure 20 such places of learning emerge as world class and opening of 62 Navodaya Vidyalayas are among the announcements of the Union Budget 2016-17.

Creation of the HEFA with an initial capital base of Rs.1,000 crore, which will leverage funds from the market and will work to create infrastructure at India's top institutions like IITs. It will be a not-for-profit organisation that will leverage funds from the market and supplement them with donations and CSR funds.

In fact, after universalisation of primary education throughout the country, the government wants to take the next big step forward by focusing on the quality of education.

The important question is that the market has never invested in higher education without the profit factor. It has some exceptions but despite all this, the national policies are not made on exceptions. As to why the market invest?

To have answer to this question, we have to think from the foundation of education. The intellectuals do help in the development of new techniques which ultimately benefit the businessmen.

Just think for a while, if we ask a scholar that you will only get the desired infrastructure if you tell us the pluses of the technology to be developed. In other words, the meaning of education is not profiting but the development of people. But the capitalists don't wait for the imaginary development of a human-being to know the deep secrets of the nature.

The source of income of educational institution is either fee from the students or by renting out the landed property to the private sector. Teacher has to think more on consultancy than education.

By formulating the HEFA like policies, the government is shirking from its responsibility towards education. The education in Science and Technology has a close relation with the market and at the same time, it is right question to be asked, as to what would happen for other subjects as whole of the world knows that there is a great loss without the education of science and technology?

Frankly speaking, there were/are two sources of education - School and Parents. Our system was good but now Google search engine - I call it as 'Google Devta', available on the small hand devices, is attacking the mind of the child all the time and he is learning more at his own than from the parents and in the educational institutions.

Simultaneously, we have to shape our education contents and system in a way so that we are capable of handling the child at the primary and high level before joining for the higher education.

The class-rooms have to be changed to a movement which could also settle the basic issues of the society in the class-rooms itself.

Gone are the days when educational institutions were used to be termed as the temple of teachings and to produce teachers, which can further produce any class for the development of the world. In fact, educational institutions have now become industrial houses and they are having the support of the government of camouflaging them on every front. Another irony is that the private sector is being given preference over public sector and the amount taken from them is used for other than education purposes.

The only worrying point is to have expectations from the government. The day the corporate houses have put their hands over the education sector, the education is being pushed in the market to work like a machine by side tracking from the development of the man. It is like that the qualitative education would not be available to anyone, but only those would get who can afford the higher education as it is even now beyond the reach of a common man.

The others would acquire the skill to work in the markets only. The girls will be the first one to remain on back foot for getting higher education by getting loans as they are considered to be a liability and why to invest more when there is going to be no return.

Notwithstanding the higher education probably achieved several of its intended goals mainly an expedited production of skilled individuals, especially for the civil service and secondary school teachers but for that we must have to shift to new generation system as keep quiet are old teaching methods.

Right from school to higher education, every government is being exposed and only the public movement, against all these anti-education policies, could turn the tables to make the higher education a reality and not dream, for which we have to be on our toes.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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