Hospitals and medicines to remain a distant dream for 70% rural Indians till 2040
Accessibility either to the hospitals or medicines would remain a distant dream for about 70 per cent of the rural Indian population till 2040 as healthcare infrastructure in India is highly inadequate as compared to global standards.
According to the report brought out by industry body Assocham on Healthcare and Hospitals, India
has an average 0.6 doctors per 1000 population against the global average of 1.23 which suggests an evident manpower gap.
As compared to India's poor average its neighbor China has 1.7 doctors per 1000 patients whereas it is 2.7 in the US and 2.1 in the UK. The hospital bed density in India is 1.27 (per 1000 patients), in China it is 3.0, the US 3.1 and the UK 3.9.
India's healthcare spending is less than half the global average in percentage terms when compared on a “percent of GDP” basis. The healthcare spending, when compared on the basis of public-private contribution, also depicts a skewed picture. Private Sector contribution to the healthcare sector at 75% percent is amongst the highest in the world
in percentage terms. Public spending, on the other hand, is amongst the lowest in the world and is 23 percentage points lower than the global average.
The public health care spending in India is 26.20% where as in China 44.70%, Brazil 41.8-%, UK 81.70%, Global 59.60%, US 45.50%. The private health care spending in India is 73.80% where as in China 55.30%, Brazil 58.40%, UK 18.30%, Global 40.40%, and US 54.50%.
Moreover, the healthcare spending examined by Assocham on a per capita basis, both in terms of USD (at average exchange rate conversion) and in terms of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), is amongst the lowest globally. Further, when compared to the global average, the per capita Indian healthcare spend is 95% lower on an average exchange rate basis and 87% lower on a PPP basis.