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How Indian Railways is working for the environment?
Indian Railways which is one of the largest state-owned public sector undertakings is making serious efforts towards contributing to the betterment of the environment. Indian Railways has been taking many green energy initiatives. Indian Railways is moving towards the path of self-sustenance and environmental friendliness. And on this path, several projects have been initiated to make the railways 'green'.

Here are few measures that show Indian Railways is going ahead on the path of 'green initiative': 

Planting five crore saplings before the onset of monsoon:

Railways has come up with an ambitious project of planting 5 crore saplings all over the country with help of the Environment Ministry. The saplings will be planted before the onset of monsoon, so that they get adequate amount of water. The saplings will be region specific and in varieties of trees like neem, pilkhan, jamun, etc. The saplings will be planted on the land owned by the Railways on both sides of the tracks, while ensuring that the branches of the trees do not block the tracks. Few NGOs and corresponding state governments will assist in this program. 

Water recycling and rain water harvesting by Railways:


After agriculture and power sector, Railways is perhaps the third largest water consumer in the country. To make the railway stations more self-sustainable, Railways will use water released from sewage treatment plants and then recycle and purify it for non-potable purposes like washing trains and platforms. It will also formulate a policy for using water more efficiently in its premises'. Water audits would be carried out to gauge annual consumption. Railways is also looking towards rain water harvesting.

Solar panels to be used for generating electricity:


Railway has unveiled its plans to make solar energy the next big thing; it has geared up to make solar energy a major player in its energy portfolio. As part of the initiative, solar panels would be installed on rooftops of major stations initially. It has envisioned a plan to source 1,000 MW of solar power over the next five years besides establishing 132 MW capacity windmill plants in partnership with Reliance.

Paperless ticketing for unreserved tickets:

Indian Railways has decided to move to paperless ticketing for unreserved class as well. Unreserved passengers form a major portion of the total passengers travelling through this public transportation system. Paperless ticketing will enable ticketing facility for suburban rail users using their smart-phones by just downloading an app. This app is currently at testing stage and is functional only at few stations namely Secunderabad, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata.

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