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How music can be used as a pedagogical tool
Humanistic psychology considers musical intelligence as an innate human potential and an integral part of human life. Most educators and pedagogues look at music both as a knowledge area and as tool for improving learning and human performance.

The works of Howard Gardner, Georgi Lozanov and a host of other researchers have demonstrated that music as an innovative pedagogical tool can help classroom interventions succeed by enhancing students’ performance in various subject areas.

The theory of multiple intelligences was proposed by Howard Gardner in his 1983 book ‘Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences’ as a model of intelligence consisting of at least nine abilities, namely, Logical-mathematical; Spatial; Linguistic; Bodily-kinesthetic; Musical;  Interpersonal; Intrapersonal; Naturalistic; and Existential.

These nine intelligences can be seen as the media of learning or pedagogical tools for transaction of classroom sessions to make leaning inclusive, interesting and self-esteem building by respecting the diversity of learners.

Musical intelligence is related to an individual's sensitivity to sounds, rhythms, tones, and music. Musically smart individuals normally have good pitch and are able to sing, play musical instruments, and compose music and verses. Such individuals learn well with the use of music, singing or rhythmic recitation or spoken word art.

Children who are musically smart like musical forms of interaction and communication. The research literature on musical intelligence has suggested some activities for making music a pedagogical tool as follows.

-Arranging the new words of a lesson into syllabic groups and reciting them.

-Creating a song, poem, verse or a rhyme to help you remember something new.

-Creating background music to learn something new.

-Creating rap lyric about a prose piece you have heard or read.

- Creating the sound effects that can go with the narration in a paragraph.

-Playing a rhyming game with others to find as many words that rhyme with a given word

-Reading aloud with focus on intonation and fluency.

- Writing a poem or a verse and reading it out loud emphasizing certain sounds and then changing the sounds you emphasize.

Some educators and teachers have engaged seven intelligences, leaving aside the naturalistic and existential intelligences, for classroom instruction to appeal to the learning styles of diverse students. Due to lack of training in use of musical elements of rhythm flow and spoken word art in rendering subject matter, music as a pedagogical tool is not being used much as a part of classroom instruction based on musical intelligence.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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