The fact is that Pakistani state is incurring huge cost; both economic and human, to run the state. Pakistanis are increasing the cost to maintain Indian state by investing in its problems. They are also very active in Afghanistan. The Pakistani defense and intelligence establishments aim is to fuel Islamic radicalization wherever possible and create stakes out of it. The events in Arab world are reminder of the fact that even though Arab world is changing, there is no alternative to Islamism. The real democracy in Islamic sense is very unlikely to touch the states, in any conceivable future, which got relieved of despots recently or those who are fighting a bloody war with the incumbents in other states.
The fact is that Pakistan is as legitimate state as India is but unfortunately it is a reactionary state. Right from its inception Pakistani state is reactionary towards India and in certain sense it tries to do whatever India does provided it is permissible by Islamic laws. It is the flaws of distributions; the majority of Pakistani demography is radical in spite of two centuries of British rule. Pakistani state is creating infrastructure but general public’s participation is not that forthcoming. It needs to institutionalize the state and make public more participants in state activities. It requires solidification and lessening of beginning of amorphousness among its people. In simple words Pakistan needs to lessen the sectarian conflicts and accept the relativistic aspects of religion.
A proper networking and dialogue among its various demographic constituents is therefore required. People in Pakistan should feel that they are more than inhabitants of a state; that they are citizens as well. The fact is that Pakistani state is more than a geography and it has huge potential to emerge as a powerful Islamic state provided it is able to manage its economics properly and it becomes somewhat liberal state.
Constant engagement with the US and disillusionment with India also contribute to the chaos in Pakistan. The fact is that American operations in Af-Pak border fuel radicalism. But equally important fact is that if Americans do not kill terrorists and terror then they will pose serious security problem to Pakistani state. Pakistani state just by allowing Americans to attack militant base is serving its own cause. Publicly the Pakistani state is critical of American operations and therefore it does not have to face too much protest from its elites. Moreover, it gets huge military and other assistance by cooperating with the NATO.
India is not responsible for the failure of Pakistani state though it can help it become a more stable state by resolving Kashmir dispute through bilateral consensual dialogue. It is altogether a different thing that by satisfying Pakistan’s demands India may itself feel the heat. Srinagar, summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir can become capital of institutions of jointly governed joint territory of Indian and Pakistani Kashmir, nothing more than that. Pakistan can have only small fraction of land in Srinagar that too after swapping land with India, once the dispute is resolved. At least that is what the extrapolation of present trends suggests; the West is disillusioned with Pakistan.
The fact is that Pakistan by exporting radicalism and fundamentalism in the region and outside is creating problem for itself. But seeing the trends in Islamic world all over, it would continue to export its famous products. Political instability induced by the apex court because of American pressure is also contributing to the chaos and disorder in Pakistan. Pakistan’s short-term solution to the problems it is facing is free and fair election and closure of case against Mr. Zardari. In long term Pakistan requires more Anglicization; a kind of linguist therapy, and spread of consumerism, if not Westernization.
Pakistani needs to consume more and should become somewhat liberal internally. It needs inflation for that but its politics being predominantly non-Centrist and being Rightist would complicate the things as consumerism might further fuel radicalism. What Pakistan requires is a balanced approach and much would depend on how its elites relate with the West, particularly with the US. Pakistanis need to make sure that elitism induced by consumerism does not break the ‘brotherhood bond’ among the Muslims and produce caste-like identities inside Pakistan. It requires mutuality and reciprocity from all sides to cool down the temperature in Pakistan.