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India offers to give up veto powers if given a permanent seat in UN Security Council
India along with other members of the G4 has offered to permanently give up veto powers if it is granted a permanent membership to the United Nations Security council (UNSC).

"The issue of veto is important, but we should not allow it to have a veto over the process of Council reform itself," India's Permanent Representative Syed Akbaruddin said on Tuesday. Akbaruddin was speaking on behalf of the G4 at the Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN) on Council reforms.

While the new permanent members would in principle have veto powers that the current five have, Akbaruddin said, "They shall not exercise the veto until a decision on the matter has been taken during a review."

The G4 constitutes of India, Brazil, Germany and Japan and this group has been lobbying for Council reforms while mutually supporting each other's candidatures for permanent seats on the UNSC.

Suggestions of creating a category of longer-term elected members of the Council rather than adding new permanent members was rejected by the G4 group.

The group said that "expanding only the non-permanent categories would only worsen the imbalance of influence in the Council and tilt the scales in favour of an outdated set-up".

Akbaruddin was responding to Italy's Permanent Representative Sebastiano Cardi, who has opposed expanding the permanent membership of the UNSC and has instead suggested that a new category of elected membership with longer terms than the current two years be created.

"Any proposal for Council reforms without an expansion of the number of the permanent seats does grave injustice to Africa's aspirations for equality," Akbaruddin said.

Akbaruddin also said that 53 members of the Asia-Pacific group of nations have only two representations on the council while as the same number of seats are given to the much smaller Western Europe group with only 26 members.

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