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India on back-foot after political crisis in Nepal
After Katuwal's removal, four allies of the Maoists, UML, MJF, Sadbhavana Party and Communist Party of Nepal (United), distanced themselves. With the UML pulling out of the government soon after, Prachanda's government is teetering
IT’S A major setback to New Delhi, because Nepal’s Maoist government has sacked its army chief Rukmangad Katuwal. After the latest outcome, India is reportedly getting ready to back an alternative, a coalition of the Girija Prasad Koirala-led Nepali Congress, Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (UML) and the Madhesi Janaadhikar Forum (MJF).

As per reports from Kathmandu, soon after Katuwal’s removal, four allies of the Maoists - UML, MJF, Sadbhavana Party and Communist Party of Nepal (United), distanced themselves. With the UML pulling out of the government soon after, Prachanda’s government is teetering, leaving the field open for another combination of parties to take centre stage. Prachanda had been stopped from sacking Katuwal last week because India had piled on a lot of pressure. Prachanda was smarting from the Indian pressure and determined to go ahead.

India’s pressure was interpreted as interference in Nepal’s internal affairs, as it was seen to be propping up the army chief personally, because he is a graduate of NDA and IMA, apart from being an adopted child of the late King Mahendra, Gyanendra’s father. Sources in Delhi said the tide turned against India in Nepal decisively after deposed king Gyanendra dropped by to visit Sonia Gandhi here recently.

That cost India dear, especially as Prachanda is determined to distance himself and his nation from New Delhi. Nepalese media also reported that the army had been planning a ‘soft coup’ if Prachanda went ahead, which stopped the government in its tracks. But that concern does not seem to have had much impact on Sunday. India’s big worry in Nepal is that the passage from a democracy to a Maoist dictatorship could well become reality.

India’s image and influence has taken a beating in Nepal through the current crisis. Backing a new political formation (NC-UML-MJF) in Kathmandu is no credible solution, said sources. It’s unlikely to last, because no government will be able to pass anything through Parliament without the Maoists’ support.

Back in New Delhi, there is a growing perception that India has messed up in Nepal. In fact, even before Sunday’s act, Prachanda had indicated that the 12-point agreement worked out in Delhi between the Nepal parties should be scrapped. Sources said a new ambassador to Nepal could be a possibility after the new government comes in here.

The continuing struggle over the army chief had even prevented Prachanda, from travelling to Beijing this week. Even there, India is on a different page, because it has objected to Prachanda contemplating signing a treaty of friendship with Beijing.

In any case, the gloves are now ready to come off in India’s relationship with the Maoist government and relations are likely to get much worse in the foreseeable future.

Katuwal’s removal, after a two-month standoff, also comes just about three months before he was due to retire. "The cabinet has decided to remove the army chief since he could not provide a satisfactory explanation to the three charges levied by the government," Maoist information and communications minister Krishna Bahadur Mahara, who is also the spokesman of the government, said after the cabinet meeting on Sunday.

Katuwal had been asked to explain why he had continued military recruitment despite the government’s halt order and reinstated eight brigadier-generals who had been retired by the defence ministry. He was also rapped over the army pulling out of the National Games when Maoist combatants too decided to take part.

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