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India slowly heading towards becoming world's heart disease capital: Study
On the occasion of completing 35 years of medical excellence, the National Heart Institute has released a data, which reveals a 10% increase in heart disease and associated illnesses among women and 28% in those below 40.

The sample considered is that of patients admitted to the National Heart Institute (NHI) in New Delhi over a period of 5 years, from 2012 to 2016.

India is slowly heading towards becoming the heart disease capital of the world. Studies have found that coronary heart disease among Indians is rampant. Indians also have a four-fold higher prevalence and death risk resulting from a heart attack when compared to population groups in the other parts of the world.

Dr O P Yadava, CEO& Chief Cardiac Surgeon, National Heart Institute said, "It has been found that younger people and women stand an elevated risk of getting a heart disease today. This changing trend can be attributed to an unhealthy diet, increase in consumption of tobacco and related products, a sedentary lifestyle and stress. There is an urgent need to raise mass awareness about the need to make timely lifestyle modifications and adopt effective stress management techniques for we are at more risk than ever before.”

Findings by NHI suggest that more and more pre-menopausal women are being treated for heart disease due to lifestyle factors. A sizeable 25% of the total bypass surgeries are done in women. Earlier, it was believed that in women, the chances of getting a heart disease were more post menopause. Contrary to popular belief, women also stand a greater chance of death due to a heart disease than men due to a lack of awareness and preventive action. 

The need of the hour is increased awareness on heart disease, be it among the younger lot or women. It is imperative that women learn to spot the signs of a heart attack. More and more young Indians are prone to diabetes and obesity, particular in the belly region.

There should be an emphasis on a healthy lifestyle and effective stress management, both in younger people and women. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables should be the norm. A brisk exercise routine of about 20-30 minutes every day or at least three days in a week is essential for the heart to function well.

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