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Indian researchers use almost half signal verbs as compared to American researchers on disability: Study
A recent rapid assessment study in the use of signal verbs, which indicate the understanding of an author's purpose and alert the reader to the context, at Jaipur-based Disha revealed that the Indian researchers use almost half signal verbs as compared to American researchers on disability.

"The study has implications for the M.Phil. courses and workshops on research methods that include quality of report writing. Indian researchers need to have mastery over at least 50 signal words to precisely cite others' work and signal the context in which findings are being reported," said the principal investigator at Disha - a resource centre for multiple disabilities.

The objective of the study were: (1) To identify the frequently used signal verbs by Indian and foreign researchers on disability; (2) To implicate the study findings; and (3) To compile an extensive list of signal verbs and suggest a short course for mastery of at least 100 signal verbs. The desk study design was used by reading the study reports from one Indian and one foreign journal on disability.

The sample of the study consisted of three research reports as per the principle of triangulation each of Indian and American researchers to identify the used signal verbs in the introductory and overview parts of their papers. It was found that, on an average, Indian researchers used five signal verbs and American researchers used ten signal verbs.

The implication of the study is that Indian researchers need to acquire more signal verb vocabulary. Consequently, a list of 120 signal verbs used across the board by researchers for various disciplines was made and 50 were chosen for a mastery over them for in-house capacity building purpose through five-hour practice course by making use of syllabic-order recitation and word-search puzzles.

The study attempt was meant to bridge the gap between language skills of researchers leading to a better communication of research reports in the area of disability and special education.

The keywords of the study are the disability research, language skills, paper writing, rapid assessment, research communication, and signal verb, states the abstract of the study titled "Extent of use of signal verbs by Indian and American researchers on disability in their published work: A rapid assessment study" which has been accepted for presentation at Multidisciplinary Academic Conference in Thailand to be held from September 26 to 30.

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