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India’s tiger population dwindles
We may only get to read about the tiger in future, going by their dwindling population. The estimate is based on a scientific method, which has minimised the chances of manipulation. Fortunately, in terai region, the tiger population has increased.
ENGLISH POET William Blake says in his famous poem Tiger Tiger: “Tiger, Tiger burning bright, in the forests of the night / what immortal hand or eye, could frame thy fearful symmetry?” He wrote the poem in the late 18th century. Even after generations, it is being ranked as appropriate for the king of the forests. Our country was home to more than a lakh of these wild beasts, although their numbers have now dwindled to a little over a thousand. Possibilities are that in future, we may only get to read about the animal in poems or books as we do in the case of the dinosaur.
According to the National Tiger Conservation Authority’s recent estimates, only 1,411 tigers remain in the wild in India. The report confirms that the animal is on its way to extinction. In the year 2002, the Indian government conducted a census of the tiger population by using an unscientific method, which was based on the pugmarks left behind by the animal. It estimated the tiger population at 3,600, which has been reduced by more than half, according to the latest census. For the first time, a scientific method has been used for the tiger count in the said census, which has minimised the chances of manipulation. It has categorised the tiger reserve areas in 23 states of India under six landscape complexes namely: the Shivalik-Gangetic Plains, the Central Indian Landscape Complex, the Eastern Ghats, the Western Ghats, the Northeastern Hills, the Bhramaputra Plains and the Sunderbans.
Among the states, Madhya Pradesh has 300 tigers, Karnataka 290, Uttarakhand 178, Assam 70 and Rajasthan 32. Despite the dwindling tiger population, some good news is flowing in from the Terai region of the Himalayas where the number of tigers is actually increasing! A significant growth in tiger population has been observed in the Corbett National Park, the Rajaji National Park of Uttarakhand, the Dudhwa National Park of Uttar Pradesh and the Valmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar.
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