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INS Arihant completes its first deterrence patrol completing India's nuclear triad: Should it worry Pakistan, or China?
India's indigenous nuclear submarine INS Arihant completed its first deterrence patrol on 5 November 2018 completing India's long-awaited nuclear triad, or the capability to fire nuclear weapons from land, air and sea.

Another such submarine is expected to be launched in the next couple of months and in a couple of years, around 8 such nuclear submarines will be commissioned into the Indian Navy.

Some Pakistan apologists have described it as an unnecessary arms race with Pakistan as in either case Pakistan can't match up to India neither in fire power nor economically. But then, who said that India's defence strategy is Pakistan centric although, Pakistan is a major factor?

Even a strong nation can be destroyed by striking first with nuclear weapons. India by principle follows the policy of no first strike although Pakistan follows no such ethics. On the contrary, many times Pakistan has threatened to strike India first.

Nuclear weapons are basically meant to deter nuclear attacks from enemy countries. When two countries become nuclear powers, the nation having the capability of making a second strike always prevails. That's why Pakistan is really worried. Yesterday, during a debate on Republic TV, Colonel Abid Rao of the Pakistan Army, in frustration, said that Pakistan doesn't need a destroyer or submarine because they can defeat India through 'suicide bombers'. Sometimes the truth comes out under frustration. Pakistan is heavily dependent on terrorists not realising that one day Pakistan will be under the clutches of these jehadi militants.

India's defence strategy is largely framed keeping China in mind, although, Pakistan too remains a factor. India and China share a very tedious, hostile and uninhabitable border. Except for 1962, China has never been able to rein in India along the border. There have been some skirmishes but never a full blown war. In 1967, China invaded the erstwhile Royal Kingdom of Sikkim. On request of the Sikkim's monarch, the Indian forces entered and drove away the Chinese invaders. It was a famous win for India against China but surprisingly it is hardly discussed. Recently a stand-off between Indian and Chinese troops took place at Doklam in which the Chinese soldiers had to ultimately retreat. So, it can be ascertained that it's difficult for China to defeat India through border invasion. In air power while Indian Air Force has proved its mantle in numerous wars, the Chinese Air Force is yet to be tested during war. Regarding missile power both China and India are almost at par.

Now coming to the naval strength of both India and China, although China has deployed its submarines in the Indian Ocean, its fleet's movement is restricted by the Indian Navy guarding the Strait of Malacca. China, knowing this very well, has extended its presence in Pakistan so that it can have access into India through the Indian Ocean. Pakistan has already fallen into the Chinese laid trap by becoming a colony of China. According to Indian defence experts, that's what prompted India to attain the nuclear triad capability.

After US, Russia and China, India has now officially become the fourth country to achieve nuclear triad capability. Although four countries have the nuclear triad capability but United States and Russia are far stronger than China and India. However, India having nuclear triad capability is very crucial in context to the Indian Ocean region or the Indo-Pacific region, where while USA and Australia are allies, China is literally trying to buy small nations like Sri Lanka, Maldives etc. and increasing its influence in ports like the Hambantota Port.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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