It has been observed that very often formal and standardized schools do not permit even basic learning freedoms such as the rights of self-pacing and learning styles of children, moreover, formal school function in isolationist from the parents and the community.
On the other hand, unschoolers get time to share a
role in their greater community, therefore relating more to older and
younger individuals and finding their place within more diverse
groups of people within the community.
The disadvantages of conventional schools are now
well known like age segregation; lack of contact with the community,
lack of people in professions other than teachers or school
administration, an emphasis on cramming, shaming of the failing
children, and an emphasis on row-wise sitting, create an unhealthy
social environment through all sorts of competition.
According to John Holt, in formal schools with
standard curricula, teacher controlled instruction and constant
anxiety of being tested coupled with ‘fear of failure, punishment,
and disgrace, severely reduces their ability both to perceive and to
remember, and drives them away from the material being studied into
strategies for fooling teachers into thinking they know what they
really don't know’.
Proponents of unschooling assert that
individualized, child-led learning is more efficient and it is
respectful of children's time, takes advantage of their interests,
and allows deeper exploration of subjects than what is possible in
Generally speaking, unschooling is a form of home
education, which is the education of children at home with home
school as a subset of community in which education is child-led
supported by the Open Classroom without classrooms or grades. Parents
and educators who unschool their children act as facilitators of
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