According to John Holt, in formal schools with standard curricula, teacher controlled instruction and constant anxiety of being tested coupled with ‘fear of failure, punishment, and disgrace, severely reduces their ability both to perceive and to remember, and drives them away from the material being studied into strategies for fooling teachers into thinking they know what they really don't know’.
Proponents of unschooling assert that individualized, child-led learning is more efficient and it is respectful of children's time, takes advantage of their interests, and allows deeper exploration of subjects than what is possible in conventional education.
Generally speaking, unschooling is a form of home education, which is the education of children at home with home school as a subset of community in which education is child-led supported by the Open Classroom without classrooms or grades. Parents and educators who unschool their children act as facilitators of learning.
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