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It's International Day for Protection of Children today
Children's Day is often celebrated on different days in different countries. In India, Children's Day is celebrated on November 14. However, the International Day for Protection of Children (IDPC), has been observed in many countries as Children's Day on June 1 since 1950. The day was established by the Women's International Democratic Federation during its annual convention in Moscow in 1949. The day is observed in most of socialistic countries and some European countries.

It is said that IDPC is not simply a day to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring awareness about children around the globe that have succumbed to violence in forms of abuse, exploitation and discrimination. The day is used by many international agencies and NGOs to advocate child rights established by a UN convention and adopted by various national governments.

The inset picture shows the stamp that was released by the government Uzbekistan on International Day of Protection of Children in 2009.

In India, the child labour problem is acute. However, in war torn countries, the children are being exploited in many ways. According to UN, 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labour. The UN agency called 'International Labour Organization' (ILO), in 1999  focussed on the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour including slavery, child prostitution and child pornography.

In India, a law was enforced in October 2006 banning the  child labour in hotels, restaurants, and as domestic servants besides in the industries. Though our government has estimated that about 12 million children under 13 years of age are working. But various NGO sponsored surveys say  around 60 million are working in India.

It would be appropriate to revisit thee rights under the UN Convention on the ‘Rights of the Child’ as: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life.

"The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child. The Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care; education; and legal, civil and social services," informs UNICEF.

In India, child labour and sexual abuse of children has become a huge problem. Even, children who are going to school are stresses due an unsafe environment. All these observances and celebrations of various days dedicated to different causes and issues have become big farce.

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