Paryushan festival, which began today in Shvetambara Jain institutions and community halls of Jaipur will come to an end on September 9 with 'Kshamavani' or Forgiveness Day. During the morning hours of the festival days, a special worship and prayer called Snatra Pooja would be performed, during noon it is Shastra Vachan and in the evening Pratikramana will be held daily in the eight-day festival.
In Jainism, Kshamavani is a day of forgiving and seeking forgiveness by followers on the last day of the annual Paryushan festival. Kshamavani is observed on the 4th day of Shukla Pakshain, the month of Bhadrapad.
"Micchami Dukkadam" is the common phrase, when asking for forgiveness in Jainism. The members of the Jain community approaches everyone for forgiveness for all their faults or mistakes committed in the past and start afresh for peaceful co-existence. It is held that forgiveness unburdens both the forgiver and the forgiven.
According to the teachings of Jainism, to forgive one another is an important step towards gaining salvation. Lord Mahavira had preached, "The one whom you hurt or kill is you. All souls are equal and similar and have the same nature and qualities". Thus, Jainism lays stress on forgiveness as a human value for peace and harmony. It is believed that forgiveness ends negative feelings resentfulness, indignation and anger against one another to make one non-violent.
On 'Forgiveness Day', the following Michchhami Dukkadam Prayer is recited: Khamemi Savve Jiva , Savve Jiva Khamantu me, Mitti me Savva Bhooesu, Veram Majjham Na Kenvi, Michchhami Dukkadam. When translated in English, the forgiveness prayer conveys: I forgive all living being, May all souls forgive me, I am friendly terms with all, I have no animosity toward any soul, May all my faults be dissolved.