The Nirvana anniversary or Moksha Kalyanaka of Bhagwan Adinath - the first Tirthankar of Jainism - was observed in the Jain temples of Jaipur on February 9 with great devotion. He is also known as the first Lord of the Jains, and is called Lord Rishabh Dev since his symbol was Bull or Rishabh.
He was born to King Nabhi Raja and Queen Marudevi at Ayodhya. Not only he taught people about existentialism, but also agriculture, tending of animal and cooking. Thus, it is believed that all civilization was developed from the teachings of Lord Adinath and by establishing the institutions of marriage, cottage industry, civil organisations and arts.
Lord Adinath attained Nirvana on the 13th of Magh Krishna Paksha of Jain calender. It is said that he had divided his kingdom among his sons and departed to take up an ascetic way of life to perform Tapas. When he renounced his kingdom, thousands of people followed him into the ascetic life to live on alms. As an ascetic, he had a frugal life, went without food for an entire year. Then he went to his grandson Shreyan’s kingdom and was offered sugarcane juice, which he accepted.
He practised silence as meditation for many years. After becoming enlightened, he broke his silence and preached for years, telling how to escape the cycle of birth and death and achieve Nirvana - the eternal bliss. It is said that Lord Adinath achieved Nirvana on the mountain of Kailash in the Himalayas in a state of Samadhi.
In his first discourse Lord Rishabha Dev detailed the trilogy of right conduct and a large number of people took to Shravak Dharma - the religious way for laity.