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Jaipur celebrates three-day Jain Shrut Panchami festival
Three-day Jain Shrut Panchami festival began today, June 11 at Kundkund Hall, Bhattartji Ki Nassyian in Jaipur to comommorate the day when the first Digambar Jain scriptures were written roughly around 160 A.D.

Prior to that, Jain teachings followed an oral tradition of transmission and communication. Because of the loss in oral transmission that depended on memorization only, it was thought to produce the scriptures in the written format.

As a part of the festival in Jaipur, a seminar on the relevance of Jain Shruti literature is being held today with the slogan “Jai Ho Shrut Devta”- long live correct knowledge'. Jain temples in the city are celebrating this occasion with a special puja in the morning. The term Shrut stands for the knowledge gained by hearing. Both Shwetabar and Digambar Jains celebrate Shrut-Panchami with reverence.

Originally, the Jain scriptures are believed to have been written in the small town Ankleshwarin, the state of Gujarat. Two monks from the South of India – Pushpadant and Bhootbali - were called to produce the hand written texts called Shatkhandagama. It was on the fifth day of the Jesht sud month the scripture having six volumes was completed. Since then the festival of Shrut Panchami is being celebrated by the Jains. Currently, the printed versions of the scriptures are available n Rajasthan by the Jain literature publishers in Jaipur, Alwar, Shree Mahavir ji and Udaipur.

From the first scripture, many more scriptures were written and thus started the flow of written knowledge. On the day of Shrut Panchami, all Jain scriptures continue to be venerated. Satkhandagama postulates karma theory of Jainism by defining various concepts and notions. The first three parts deal with the karma from the viewpoint of the soul which is seen as the agent of the bondage and the last three section discusses the nature and extent or consequences of the karmas.

Scriptures hold that the soul exists with karmic matter and it longs to be purified. According to Jainism, Karma is the basic principle of life. Accordingly, in Jain philosophy, human actions form the basis of the transmigration of the soul as well as its bondage to a cycle of rebirth, trapped within the temporal world until it finally achieves liberation through purification of mind by vanquishing all vices of the mind.

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