It is believed that Lord Parshvanath lived for 100 years of which he spent 70 years as an ascetics and 84 days of meditation or sahdana/tap. His complexion was black and his symbol was serpent. He attained Nirvana atop Shikharji, which is known today as "the Parasnath Hills" after him and is place of pilgrimage for the Jains.
Jains celebrate five major events in the life of 24 Tirthankars called Kalyanaks meaning auspicious festivals. It is believed that the state of a Tirthankar is result of intense practices of penance, equanimity and meditation to atain the ultimate purity of soul. Lord Parshavanath was born in the royal family of Puranpur in the Mahavideh area. After ascending the throne, he conquered six continents and became a Chakravarti. In later part of his life, he became an ascetic and did purest of meditations to earn Tirthakar-nam-and-gotra-karma.
Historians hold that Jainism is one of the most ancient religions in the world, which follow the teachings of a succession of 24 Tirthankaras, the last of whom is Tirthankar Mahavir. Prayers are often addressed to the Tirthankaras by the followers of Jainism.
According to Jainism, humans are bound by their karmas — the accumulated evil deeds that one has done and the purpose of individual soul is to attain nirvana, liberation from an endless cycle of lives through reincarnation. Jain Tirthankaras demonstrated that nirvana can only be achieved through aestheticism.
Three general tenets of Jainism are right faith, right knowledge and right action. Its five principles of conduct include Ahimsa or non-violence; Satya or speaking truth; Asteya or non-stealing; Brahmacharya or conduct of the soul for monks and monogamous fidelity to one’s spouse for worldly people; and Aparigraha or detachment from material things.